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Saturday, 26 August


Neil deGrasse Tyson is Creating a New Space Exploration Video Game with the Help of George R.R. Martin & Neil Gaiman Open Culture

Although Neil deGrasse Tyson is somewhat hesitant to go in on plans to terraform and colonize Mars, that doesnt mean he doesnt like a good ol--yet science-based--video game. Several outlets announced recently that the videogame Space Odyssey, spearheaded by deGrasse Tyson--one of Americas main defenders of logic and Enlightenment--has surpassed its Kickstarter funding goal. The game promises to send players on real science-based missions to explore space, colonize planets, create and mod in real time."

In the game, according to deGrasse Tyson, you control the formation of planets, of comets, of life, civilization. You could maybe tweak the force of gravity and see what effect that might have. It will be, he says, an exploration into the laws of physics and how they shape the world in which we live.

The game has been forming for several years now, and most importantly to our readers, has called in several sci-fi and fantasy writers to help create the various worlds in the game, as they have aptly demonstrated their skills in doing so on the printed page. That includes George R.R. Martin, currently ignoring whatever HBO is doing to his creation Game of Thrones; Neil Gaiman, who creates a new universe every time he drops a new novel; and Len Wein, who has had a hand in creating both DCs Swamp Thing and Marvels Wolverine. Also on board: deGrasse Tysons buddy Bill Nye, former NASA astronaut Mike Massimino, and astrophysicist Charles Liu.

The idea of world/galaxy-building is not new in video games, especially recently. No Mans Sky (2015) features eighteen quintillion full-featured planets and Minecraft seems limitless. But Space Odyssey (still a temporary title!) is the first to have deGrasse Tyson and friends working the controls in the backg...


Videos that Question the Politics of Different Bodies Hyperallergic

Arthur Jafa, still from Love is The Message, The Message is Death (2016), single-channel digital video, color, sound, 7 min, 25 sec (The Metropolitan Museum of Art, Purchase, Gift of Continental Group, by exchange, 2017; courtesy the artist and Gavin Browns enterprise New York/Rome)

The Body Politic: Video from The Met Collection, an exhibition at the Met Breuer, features four videos ranging in length, subject matter, and tone. Created over a span of two decades, the works are David Hammonss Phat Free (1995), Arthur Jafas Love Is The Message, The Message Is Death (2016), Steve McQueens Five Easy Pieces (1995), and Mika Rottenbergs NoNoseKnows (2015). They are disparate but nonetheless speak to one another. The connections between them are not always obvious, but the films can be seen as four separate conversations about the body that inform and overlap with each other.

Steve McQueen, Five Easy Pieces (1995), single-channel digital video, transferred from 16mm film, black-and-white, silent, 7 min, 4 sec (Jointly owned by The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, purchased with the Li...

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Friday, 25 August


The hilariously f*cked-up art of defacing kids coloring books (NSFW) Dangerous Minds

Looking for a scintillating opening paragraph to begin this piece on hilariously defaced kids coloring books, I thought itd be fun to share a few of the images with a psychoanalyst friend to get his take. Oh boy, was that a bad idea. His eventual response after a few hours...


When Magic and Art Find Common Ground Hyperallergic

Director Marc-Olivier Wahler poses alongside a video, Alligator (2017), documenting a live performance at the Broad Museum by artist Christian Jankowski, wherein Wahler appeared to be eaten by an alligator. (All images are by the author for Hyperallergic.)

EAST LANSING, MI Magic, much like stand-up comedy, is considered by neophytes to be a spontaneous or improvisational form, but true practitioners know it to be, like most other performance, based on a formal structure. The Transported Man, a group show at the Eli and Edythe Broad Art Museum at Michigan State University, uses the mechanisms of magic as a means to analyze art.

[Arthur] Conan Doyle thought about Houdini that his illusions didnt have to do with tricks, that it was about magic, about something transcendental, said newly-appointed Broad director Marc-Olivier Wahler, in an interview with Hyperallergic about the foundational concepts behind his inaugural exhibition for the museum. And Houdini wasnt happy he was very good friends with Conan Doyle he said, No, no, no, there is no magic, there are tricks.

Installation view of Ugo Rondinone, Clockwork for Oracles II (2008), mirror, colored plastic gel, wood and paint.

Wahler comes to art by way of philosophy, and with this first exhibition at the Broad, he took on what is arguably the deepest philosophical question about art: What make...


Dangerous Minds

Ball & Chain
In April 1967, a then little-known San Francisco group, Big Brother & the Holding Company, appeared on their local public television station, KQED. This was a few months before their legendary performance at the Monterey Pop Festivalwhich would make Joplin a starand...


Unintentionally hilarious horror movie-themed anti-smoking PSA Dangerous Minds

This short anti-smoking PSA produced by Enniscorthy Youthreach in conjunction with the Irish Cancer Society has its heart in the right place even if the results are unintentionally hilarious.

The two-minute spot on the terrors of peer-pressure features homages to famous horror villains, including Jack Torrence (Ill huff and I&#8217...


Two new murals from Artez in Croatia and Serbia StreetArtNews

Based in Belgrade, street artist by the name Artez is one of the leading Serbian aritsts to emerge on the local graffiti scene, best known as an artist who likes to mix photo-realism and illustrations, with an amazing ability to incorporate vibrant colours of his work. The artist has just sent in some new pieces that he has done at the beginning of this month

Featuring his signature style, artist has created two fresh new murals. The mural above is called My piece of land in Pozarevac, Serbia.

Among other things, City of Pozarevac is known for two things female jail and horse ranch Ljubicevo. This mural, painted in the city centre of the town, shows a female figure that is carrying a piece of land and a horse, and symbolically looking towards the ranch, a place that is important to her and that makes her feel like home. Painting the elements that are important to the citizens of a town should draw their attention to the positive values that are creating their identity.

Mural was painted for a street art festival organised by Street Smart Belgrade, along with three other murals and a female jail wall. Festival gathered few local and international artists Artez, Theic Licuado, Beyond, Malakkai, Guapo Sapos, Endo, Sles, Wuper, Nikola and many more.

Next up, is the mural below called Lighthouse which was painted for Graffiti Na Gradele festival in Bracu, Croatia. This mural is perfectly transitioned on to the wall to make the name be perfect for the piece and it took the artist 2 days to make.

Mural was painted over the course of 2 days on an abandoned hotel in the city of Bol, located on the island of Brac. Inspiration came from the location itself red towel, sailing boat and lighthouse could be seen on every step of the island. Colours that are used on the mural should create a night time atmosphere a perfect setting for the boat sailing on the moonlight!
Mural was painted for the Graffiti na Gradele festival th...


Pharaohs Den, the Sun Ra-themed grocery store in Philadelphia Dangerous Minds

The Pharaohs Den sign in Sun Ra: A Joyful Noise
PHARAOH FED THE NATIONS OF THE WORLD FOR 7 YEARS, the sign in Germantown proclaimed. THE FIRST SUPERMARKET. This was the entrance to Pharaohs Den, a grocery store run by Sun Ras...


Three Charles Bukowski Books Illustrated by Robert Crumb: Underground Comic Art Meets Outsider Literature Open Culture

Think of the artists you know who, especially in the 1960s and 70s, portrayed an often sordid reality in detail, just as they saw it, garnering acclaim from enthusiasts, who perceived a high artistry in their seemingly rough-hewn work, and cries from countless detractors who objected to what they saw as the artists' lazy crudity. In the realm of poetry and prose, Charles Bukowski should come to mind sooner or later; in that of comic art, who fits the bill better than Robert Crumb? It makes only good sense that the work of both men should intersect, and they did in the 1980s when Crumb illustrated two short books by Bukowski, Bring Me Your Love and Theres No Business.

"Crumbs signature underground comix aesthetic and Bukowskis commentary on contemporary culture and the human condition by way of his familiar tropes sex, alcohol, the drudgery of work coalesce into the kind of fit that makes you wonder why it hadnt happened sooner," writes Brain Pickings' Maria Popova.

"In 1998, a final posthumous collaboration was released under the title The...


These are videos that I like: Whats been on lately Bird is the Worm

  Its been a while since we last ran a video column.  Not sure why exactly that is, but I just happened to be strolling through the sites bookmarks and, damn, that video list sure has grown out of control.  I feel like I could make a tepidly funny joke about mowing the lawn here, []


Art Movements Hyperallergic

Arthur Szyk, Murder Incorporated: Hirohito, Hitlerhito, Benito (December 1941), watercolor and gouache on paper, Harlan Crow Library, Dallas, Texas (courtesy New-York Historical Society)

Art Movements is a weekly collection of news, developments, and stirrings in the art world. Subscribe to receive these posts as a weekly newsletter.

Charlottesvilles city council voted to shroud its statues of Confederate Generals Robert E. Lee and Thomas Stonewall Jackson in black fabric following the murder of anti-fascist campaigner Heather Heyer at the Unite the Right rally. Confederate memorials were recently removed from the University of Texas, Woodlawn Cemetery at West Palm Beach, a public park in Helena, Montana, and various locations throughout New York City. The Beauvoir, the Jefferson Davis Home and Presidential Library, announced its willingness to take any Confederate memorials removed by any city or jurisdiction across the US.

President Donald Trump and first lady Melania Trump declined to attend the upcoming annual K...


Electric Universe - axial tilt families - whatever happened to Neptune? Mike Philbin's free planet blog

the image above shows the axial tilt angles of the planets in the (current) arrangement of the Solar System, from Mercury out to Pluto.

The EU or Electric Universe contends that brown-dwarf star proto-Saturn brought with it Mars and Earth and plasmatically spawned Venus as it entered the Solar System some 10-12,000 years ago.

But EU-theory doesn't mention Neptune... it's only three more degrees out than Saturn, and the angles of the proto-Saturnian planets are gradually increasing the further out you go. As if they could have once been within the same spin family or hierarchy or system.

So, where does Neptune fit into the Electric Universe model where proto-Saturn infests the Solar System with its family of electric sheep?

ADDITIONAL FOOTAGE of the Electric Universe: I'd never seen this before, footage of both Venus and Jupiter DISCHARGING into space... jump to 00:19:00.


Fine Art Piatas Inspired by Hieronymus Boschs The Garden of Earthly Delights Open Culture

Piatas are a nightmare.

Oh sure, they look festive, but seriously, think twice before arming a blindfolded child (or a beer guzzling adult guest) with a sturdy stick and encouraging him to swing wildly.

There's no need to worry, however, about anyone taking a bat to the intricate Hieronymus Bosch-inspired piatas of Roberto Benavidez, a self-described half-breed, South Texan, queer figurative sculptor.

Even if you filled them with candy, the exteriors would be far more valuable than any treasures contained within.

Bosch, of course, excelled at scenarios far more nightmarish than anything one might encounter in a backyard party. Benavidez seems less drawn to that aspect than the beauty of the fantastical creatures populating ...


Chess as a Comic Book Trope Hyperallergic

Charlton Comics, Vol. 1, No. 36. Strange Suspense Stories (March 1958) (courtesy World Chess Hall of Fame)

ST. LOUIS  Chess and comics are a natural pair, Shannon Bailey, chief curator of the World Chess Hall of Fame (WCHOF), told Hyperallergic. The concepts of battle, the struggle of good versus evil, strategy, and speed, have always played a central role in both chess and comic book themes.

Bailey organized POW! Capturing Superheroes, Chess & Comics now at WCHOF, a nonprofit institution that explores the connections between art and chess in its programming. Founded in 1986 by the United States Chess Federation, WCHCOF opened in St. Louiss Central West End neighborhood in 2011, following the closure of its Miami museum in 2009. Recent exhibitions range from Designing Chessmen on the imagery of chess, to chess during World War II and the games designs of Michael Graves. WCHCOF is active as a collecting institution, and since POW! opened in March, collectors Floyd and Bernice Sarisohn whose memorabilia and ephemera form the foundation of the exhibition have decided to donate their comic books and related sets.



Fin-de-Sicle Austrian Pottery Paired with Prints by Klimt Hyperallergic

Installation view of Das Werk at Jason Jacques Gallery (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic)

A colony of bats, a troop of mushrooms, and a cluster of angular grasshopper legs these are among the charming carvings of flora and fauna that typically adorn ceramics produced by Amphora, an Austrian pottery workshop founded in 1892. Located in the Turn-Teplitz region in whats now the Czech Republic, Amphora was renowned for its exquisite, richly decorated vessels. Many of its artists created designs that echoed the highly ornamental paintings of their contemporaries, including Gustav Klimt and Alphonse Mucha; they often featured portraits of young women with flowing hair and flower crowns, similar to those that the Art Nouveau painters loved to depict.

Installation view of Das Werk at Jason Jacques Gallery

Das Werk, a small but imaginative exhibition at Jason Jacques Gallery, places Austrian pottery from the turn of the 20th century in conversation with work produced by Klimt around the same time. Most of the two dozen ceramic pieces on view, which date to between 1894 and 1904, were produced by Amphora artists; along a wall hangs rare collotypes by Klimt from a series for which the exhibition is named. Comprising 50 prints that reproduced the artists most significant paintings from 1898 to 1913, Das Werk was published by Viennese art gallery Galerie Miethke in an edition of 300...


A Utopian Suburb Where Residents Underwrite an Art Residency Hyperallergic

Artist Hannah Israel in her studio at AIR Serenbe (photo by Brandon Hinman, courtesy AIR Serenbe)Artist Hannah Israel in her studio at AIR Serenbe (photo by Brandon Hinman, courtesy AIR Serenbe)

When Brandon Hinman signed on in 2014 as the first paid staff member for AIR Serenbe, a fledgling artist residency in a tony bedroom community of Atlanta, he wasnt sure he was the right person for the job. Hinman was not, as he puts it, a big city art boy with experience running an art nonprofit. In fact, he had just moved back home to Carrolton, Georgia (25 miles from Serenbe) to work in his familys real estate development business. After spending his twenties as a private chef and artist including a stint making the food at Skowhegan Hinman thought he was going to shelve his creative aspirations for a more practical career.

If I was going to work for a residency program, I thought it would damn well be far away from Carrolton, Hinman said. I thought I would go west, or head back to the northeast. Or give up residencies altogether.

It turns out, the board of AIR Serenbe (where, full disclosure I had a weekend-long micro-residency in 2015) needed someone just like Hinman: a person interested in the world of artist residencies, a gracious host who can put together a nice dinner, and (vitally) someone experienced in managing construction crews.



Margaret Fuller on the Revitalizing Power and Spiritual Rewards of a Seaside Vacation Brain Pickings

A lyrical ode to the oceans invitation to self-transcendence from the grand dame of Transcendentalism.

Margaret Fuller on the Revitalizing Power and Spiritual Rewards of a Seaside Vacation

Who has known the ocean? Neither you nor I, with our earth-bound senses, know the foam and surge of the tide, pioneering conservationist and marine biologist Rachel Carson wrote in the 1937 masterpiece that inspired a new aesthetic of lyrical science writing. A century earlier, another woman of towering genius, immense moral courage, and uncommonly poetic prose offered a different but complementary perspective on the oceans invitation to human self-transcendence.

In mid-August of 1839, five years before she mobilized the womens emancipation movement with her landmark treatise Woman in the Nineteenth Century, 29-year-old Margaret Fuller (May 23, 1810July 19, 1850) who, like Rachel Carson, published her first works under the ungendered initials S.M. Fuller drew on her Transcendentalist roots in a stunning letter to an ill friend, found in The Letters of Margaret Fuller, Vol. II: 183941 (public library).



Listening to Anonymous Confessions in an Art Gallery Hyperallergic

Visitors listening to confessions in Gideon Jacobs and Gregor Hochmuths Confession at Deli Gallery (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic).

A little over a year ago, the artists Gideon Jacobs and Gregor Hochmuth came up with a project wherein they would record and collect peoples confessions. They posted a phone number online that spread by word of mouth and ended up receiving hundreds of entries. The project, titled Confession, is ongoing and straightforward: By pressing one, a caller can leave a confession; by pressing two, they can listen in on someone elses. The only condition is that two people must be on the line at the same time. The confession lasts as long as both remain, and neither can communicate with the other.

A visitor listening to confessions in Gideon Jacobs and Gregor Hochmuths Confession at Deli Gallery.

The project was conceived without an end date or physical structure and thus far has existed privately among its participants. Now, for the first time, at Deli Gallery in Long Island City, anyone is allowed to eavesdrop on whats been said. The exhibition simply consists of eight rotary phones resting on small shelves that line a wall and the projects phone number, (917) 809-7319, plastered in the background. Jacobs and Hochmuth have curated a selection of some of the most compelling confessions, and each station contains an entire set. By clicking the phone hooks, visitors can cycle through the calls.



50 Years of Celebrating, and Saving, Artist-Built Environments Hyperallergic

Installation view of <em>An Encounter with Presence: Emery Blagdon. + Shannon Stratton</em> at the John Michael Kohler Arts Center (photo by the author for Hyperallergic)Installation view of An Encounter with Presence: Emery Blagdon. + Shannon Stratton at the John Michael Kohler Arts Center (photo by the author for Hyperallergic)

SHEBOYGAN, Wisconsin Leading up to the 50th anniversary of the John Michael Kohler Arts Center (JMKAC), curator Karen Patterson approached artists, preservationists, collectors, scholars, historians, and folklorists to respond to their collection of artist-built environments. All I said was come back with 200 words of what do you think needs to be discussed, Patterson told Hyperallergic on a recent visit to the Sheboygan, Wisconsin, museum. In particular, she was interested in what would happen if they took away the labels outsider artist or art environment from these individual creators, and allowed for broader themes to emerge. The matchmaking of artists with contemporary responders was a way to ground the exhibition series in a multi-vocal way, she explained.

Although Sheboygan is a small city along Lake Michigan, JMKAC has had a major impact in how art environments are approached by museums, and how they can be protected. In the year-long The Road Less Traveled, 15 exhibitions reexamine an artist known for building environments, whether Nek Chands whimsical Rock Garden of Chandigarh in India constructed with debris from demolished villages, or Eddie Owens Martins vibrantly painted mandalas and visionary symbols on the structures of Pasaquan, Georgia. A conference...


Isolated Vocals From Pearl Jam Songs Reveal Eddie Vedders Incredible Baritone Voice My Modern Met

There are some singers so talented that their voices alone are reason enough to listen to their music. Both Lady Gaga and the late Freddie Mercury are artists that were (and in Gagas case, still are) supported by a backing band. But in instances where their powerful vocals are isolatedsans guitars, keyboards, and percussionit's clear how incredible their singing really is.

Eddie Vedder of Pearl Jam is another artist who has had the music removed from his songs to demonstrate the range of his baritone vocals. Thanks to NetMusic, a YouTube channel that provides music only recordings, theyve isolated Vedders singing in three of the bands songsAliveBlack, and Porch. Without the backing instruments (although there are guitar solos included), Vedders singing really shines and proves that the voice is one of the most powerful forces that a musical group has.

Each of these videos is a combination of studio track and live performance footage. Using a meticulous matching process, NetMusic took the original studio recording and dubbed it alongside Vedder as hes on stage singing to his adoring fans.

Listen to Eddie Vedder singing to discover how powerful his baritone voice is

and how a singer's vocals can be just as powerful as any instrument.

NetMusic: Website |...


These Giant Pencil Drawings by Jono Dry are INSANE TwistedSifter


South African artist, Jono Dry, was born in Pretoria and raised in the beautiful seaside town of Hermanus, where he has lived, worked and exhibited for most of his young life.

Entirely self-taught, his unique photorealistic-surrealist works are usually created on a large-scale, using graphite on paper or board. Jono currently lives in Cape Town, South Africa.

Be sure to check out his incredible artwork at the links below. The artist has gained large followings on Facebook and Instagram and updates his fans regularly with behind-the-scenes photos and videos of his works in progress, along with his completed pieces.

If you dig hyper-realistic artwork, check out our previous features!




Four of Japans Greatest Samurai Swords Reimagined as Sheathed Scissors My Modern Met

Custom Katana Blade Reimainged as a Pair of Scissors

A good pair of scissors can be hard to find, and they leave many artists and stationery enthusiasts wishing that their shears were as sharp as a katana blade. Now, thats a possibility sort of. Thanks to Nikken Cutlery, there are scissors that resemble the iconic samurai swords of centuries past. Called Great Katana Scissors, the four shears are each modeled after the custom katana of individual warlords and political reformers from Japanese history.

Oda Nobunaga, a daimy who lived during the 16th century, carried a katana named Heshikiri Haseba that inspired the pair of scissors with a red handle. His reputation was that of a violent man who bore a heavy strike with his sword.

Date Masamune had the Shokudaikiri Mitsutada, which are the shears with the purple string. Masamune was a popular warrior during his time and is known for using his katana to slice through a bronze candleholder that the enemy was hiding behind.

The third of the Great Katana Scissors is Mitsunokami Yoshiyuki, the sword of 19th-century scholar and reformer Sakamoto Ryoma. Composing a red sheath with a black string, this tool pays homage to the revered individual.

The Heshikiri Haseba, Shokudaikiri Mitsutada, and Mitsunokami Yoshiyuki katana scissors are all sold as a set. In addition, there is a fourth pair, created in limited quantity, that's modeled after the Namazu Otoshiro sword. Tokugawa Ieyasu, its owner, ushered in the beginning of the Edo period which would rule Japan for three centuries.

The location of Nikken Cutlerys production adds another layer of unexpected history to the scissor set. Created in the town of Seki, the locale is known for its swordsmithing. Although the industry is not as robust as it used to be, they use their skills and tools for creating things like knives, razors, and scissors.

If youd like to own these special tools, they are now available for preorder.

Nikken Cutlery has modeled a set of scissors based on custom katana blades from Japanese history.



Ettore Sottsasss Candy-Colored Utopian Design Hyperallergic

Ettore Sottsass: Design Radical, installation view (photo by the author for Hyperallergic)

The late, legendary Italian architect and designer Ettore Sottsass has been to paraphrase Yogi Berra rediscovered all over again. In recent years, his work has been shared with wide audiences through a series of articles and explainers, like this recent short video from Vox, or this 2014 piece about Memphis by Alissa Walker that appeared on Gizmodo. And his profile got a big boost from his prominence in the exhibition Postmodernism: Style and Subversion, 19701990 at the Victoria & Albert Museum in 2011. Sottsasss work (or that of his contemporaries and imitators) has been featured in all its wacky glory in Miami Vice, in movies like Beetlejuice and Ruthless People, and in the perfectly postmodern Christmas episode of Pee-Wees Playhouse that featured Grace Jones. Concurrent with the happy rediscovery of the Sottsass look, design studios around the world have been producing boldly hued and playfully geometric wares for consumers who have tired of colorless minimalism. The moment that a field of squiggles appears on a Formica surface, or a printed textile seems to resemble the cover of a marble notebook, the spirit of Sottsass is duly invoked.

But the designer, who lived to be 90 and worked for nearly seven decades across an array of different media and styles, did far more than bring ...


SLANT: We Belong

Alexandro Segade on Sense8


Airline Celebrates New Routes by Offering $99 Flights to Iceland My Modern Met

Earlier this year, Icelandic airline WOW Air announced an incredible deal: cheap flights from California to select European cities. Now, to celebrate the airline's addition of four new routes, WOW is back with another amazing offer. For just $99, travelers can fly from some of the Midwest's most bustling cities all the way to ReykjavikIceland's capital city.

Aiming to elevate the country's most underserved region, WOW Air has added Cleveland, Cincinnati, Detroit, and St. Louis to its ever-growing list of serviced cities. These new locations increase its American destinationswhich already include Boston, Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Pittsburgh, San Francisco, and Washington, D.C. from 8 to 12. By adding these much-needed stops in the Midwest, WOW Air continues to solidify its increasingly prominent position as a major budget airline.

So, why Iceland? In addition to being WOW Air's home base, the country has a lot to offer. From its otherworldly landscapes to its spectacular views of the Northern Lights, Iceland remains renowned for its natural beauty. If, however, the Nordic nation isn't on your list of desired destinations, you can easily treat this deal as a means to an end. From Reykjavk, WOW Air...


SLANT: Yours, Truly

Moyra Davey and Maggie Nelson in Conversation


1/4 Mile Drag Race: Tesla Model X P100D vs Lamborghini Aventador SV TwistedSifter


Watch a Lamborghini Aventador SV take on a Tesla Model X P100D and Model S P100D in an all out 1/4 mile drag racing battle at Palm Beach International Raceway. The Model X P100D sets a new world record for being the worlds quickest SUV.




Neil deGrasse Tyson Demonstrates the Physics-Defying Rattleback Open Culture

The rattleback--it's been intriguing us since prehistoric times. Seeming to defy the laws of physics, it spins in one direction, "rattles" to a stop, and then changes direction, as Neil deGrasse Tyson demonstrates above. How does the rattleback work? To get into that, watch this technical video from William Case, a professor at Grinnell College. Or review the resources on this web page. In either case, you will need to wear your thinking cap.

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New Edible Amezaiku Animal Lollipop Designs by Shinri Tezuka Colossal

Based out of a Tokyo candy shop called Ameshin, candy artisan Shinri Tezuka (previously) crafts some of the most unusual lollipops youre ever likely to eat from wiggling goldfish to statuesque lions or prickly hedgehogs. The translucent candy seems to have more in common with glassmaking than confectionery design, and perhaps its no surprise that the process of working with hot sugar even shares similar toolsa traditional Japanese craft called amezaiku. Tezuka recently shared a variety of new lollipop designs on his Instagram account and you can step inside the Ameshin candy shop in a video from DogaTV below.



X-Ray Maps of New York Subway Stations TwistedSifter


NYC-based architect Candy Chan has designed a series of X-Ray subway maps that not only give you a sense of the streets and buildings above, but of the actual layouts of the stations themselves.

If youve ever tried to navigate New Yorks dizzying underground, map designs like these would be a welcome addition at any station. The maps are part of an ongoing exploration by Chan called Project Subway NYC, and include a collection of sketches, photographs and architectural drawings that try to make sense of everything between the streets and the trains.

To learn more about Project Subway NYC check out the links below.

[via City Lab]


Website | Facebook |...


Photographer Spends Hours in the Ocean Capturing the Different Moods of Waves My Modern Met

Ocean Photography by Matt Burgess

Photographer Matt Burgess captures the arresting beauty of the open waters through his hypnotic ocean wave photography. Located in Victoria, Australia, he spends hours in the salty sea with its white-capped crests and swirling colors, documenting these mesmerizing moments that are now frozen in time. The results showcase the different personalities that the ocean has to offer; sometimes, the waters are relatively tranquil, and you can see far beyond its horizon onto dry land. In other instances, the atmosphere is contentious with crashing tides delivered with a breathtaking force.

Burgess shares a variety of shots on Instagram, and some of the most compelling compositions give us an up-close view of the water; it's as if we were in the ocean alongside the photographer. These gorgeous images highlight the glass-like finish of a single wave. Its beautiful reflections transmit not only blues, but purple tones and the warm colors of the sun.

Over the past six years, Burgess has honed his eye for ocean photography and made it a ritual in his life. One thing that draws me to the water most mornings before the sun rises, he explains, is the relationship between water and light. For him, there is no better way to start the day.

Photographer Matt Burgess spends hours in the open waters capturing stunning ocean wave photography.

Ocean Photography by Matt Burgess...


Stanley Kubrick shoots Chicago: City of Extremes Dangerous Minds

Stanley Kubrick got his first camera off his old man Jacques when he was thirteen. It was a Graflex Pacemaker with a coated lens, body release, and folding infinity stops. Kubrick wore it on a strap around his neck, took it to school, where snapped classmates, teachers, and events for the...


500 WORDS: Suzanne McClelland

Suzanne McClelland on her exhibition at the Aldrich Contemporary Art Museum


VIP at Brooklyn Mirage for Anja Schneider set -o pipefail

VIP at Brooklyn Mirage for Anja Schneider


NASA Announces Elaborate Plan to Save Earth from Supervolcano Eruption My Modern Met

Yellowstone National Park NASA Supervolcano

Grand Prismatic Spring. Yellowstone National Park. (Photo: Zach Frank / Shutterstock)

Research by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory has found that the supervolcano in Yellowstone National Park has a higher chance of erupting than an asteroid or comet hitting the Earth. And though the odds of it actually happening (particularly in 2017) is just 1 in 730,000, the catastrophic damage it would cause is enough for NASA to formulate a prevention plan.

Even if the volcano did slightly erupt, it would most likely only cause a slow-moving lava flow. However, a super eruption would not only devastate the United States and damage world agriculture, but would likely kill millions of people. With this in mind, a team at NASA has come up with an incredibly ambitious plan to save us from this deadly occurrence.

Volcanic eruptions are caused by a buildup of heatimagine that the Yellowstone supervolcano generates the heat equivalent to six power plants. About 60-70% of the heat in the Yellowstone magma chamber is leaked due to water seeping into the cracks. The results are the famous geysers the park is known for. The idea behind NASA's plan is that if they cool the magma down even further, by about 35%, the risk of eruption greatly diminishes, as it would never be molten enough to explode.

volcano eruption iceland

Volcano eruption in Iceland. (Photo: Gardar Olafsson / Shutterstock)

In order to accomplish their goal, they would drill down a little over 6 miles (10 km) just above the magma chamber to pump water down at high pressure. The circulating water would return at a higher temperature, pulling out heat day b...


Mono Gonzalez and Seth in Kiev, Ukraine StreetArtNews

Julien Malland aka Seth together with Chilean artist Mono Gonzalez connected their styles in joint art-work which adorned the wall of the school #274 in Darnitsky district in Kyiv, Ukraine.

The kids will be surprised when they come to school in September, because an idea of the creating exactly this mural was born one summer evening, when artists met in Kyiv and the next day they had to go to their locations in other cities. . The mural is depicting the impact of art on kids, in order to stimulate their imagination and to inspire children to create their own pieces of art.

These two art-works created in Kyiv together with Seth for Back to School!Ukraine 2017,  complement each other, like Bird&Dizz.  It`s studio album written in 1950 by jazz saxophonist Charlie Parker and trumpeter Dizzy Gillespie,, Mono Ganzalez

This mural speaks also about the difference between public art and art in the galeries, Seth




Footage of Over 30 Hummingbirds Splashing in a Birdbath Colossal

Youtuber WildWingsLA has a special birdbath setup specifically for hummingbirds outside their Beverly Hills home. Known for being territorial, its rare to see so many birds at once, but at times the frame fills with dozens of them. Fun fact: a group of a hummingbirds is called a charm. (via Laughing Squid)


New Miniature Mobile Homes Created From Balsa Wood by Vera van Wolferen Colossal

Dutch artist Vera van Wolferen (previously here and here) imagines new designs for homes on-the-go, producing miniature balsa wood models of tiny houses that teeter on the top of sedans or contain wheels to propel themselves on the road. The sculptures, which she refers to as Story Objects, are intended to allude to narratives, and are often built with the addition of cotton to serve as clouds or tiny puffs of chimney smoke. The rest of the miniature house is left as minimal as possible, van Wolferen focusing on the architecture of the object rather than a complicated color scheme.

You can see a 360 degree video for a piece shes titled Jeep Safari for the Cultural Anthropologist in the video below, and view more of her miniature homes on her InstagramFacebook and Behance.



English Translations of Obscure Medieval Texts Go Online Hyperallergic

Woman with an open book and a king on horseback, illustrated in MS Burney 275, f.120 (1309-16) (via British Library)Woman with an open book and a king on horseback, illustrated in MS Burney 275, f.120 (1309-16) (via British Library). The image illustrates The Trust That I Have In You 15th-century song on the Global Medieval Sourcebook

Images from medieval manuscripts have had something of a revival on social media, with viral accounts sharing their strange scenes of bizarre beasts or cavorting knights and monks. Yet the reading of those manuscripts by non-scholars remains low, partly due to a lack of access. The recently launched Global Medieval Sourcebook (GMS), curated by Stanford University faculty and students, offers English versions of previously untranslated Middle Ages literature.

These images are often shared without text, and it can be hard to contextualize them if youre outside of a formal educational environment, without access to books on the topic, and with no real way to sift through information that is out there, Mae Lyons-Penner, a PhD student in comparative literature and the GMS project manager, told Hyperallergic. Thats a barrier that we hope to break down by presenting a diverse array of short medieval texts within their cultural and historical context: sharing what we know about who produced them, who read them, what their importance was, and how it has shaped the way we think about the Middle Ages today.



Stinkfish for Cuma Project in Italy StreetArtNews

South American superstar Stinkfish recently spent a few weeks in Italy where he was invited by the Cuma Street Art Project to bring his magic touch.

Painting on the streets of Cotignola and Alfonsine, the South American muralist and painter brought to life some his ultra-vibrant portrait-based imagery which will surely be enjoyed by the locals for years to come.

Next for Stinkfish is now London where he will be opening a brand new solo exhibition on September 21st at BSMT Gallery.

Take a look at more images and keep checking back with us for more street art updates from Europe and beyond.



The Web Site Centuries of Sound is Making a Mixtape for Every Year of Recorded Sound from 1860 to Present Open Culture

The vibrations of the Metropolitan Elevated Railroad in Manhattan, a recitation of "Mary Had a Little Lamb," the announcements issuing forth from an inventor's attempt at a talking clock hardly a mix with which to get the party started, but one that provides the closest experience we can get to traveling in a sonic time machine. With Centuries of Sound, James Errington has assembled those recordings and a few others into its 1878-1885 mix, an early chapter in his project of creating one listening experience for each year in the history of recorded sound.

"Things get a little more listenable in 1887 with a recording of 'Twinkle Twinkle Little Star,'" writes The A.V. Club's Matt Gerardi. "Its also with this third mix that we start to get a sense for Centuries Of Sounds editing style, as speeches start to be layered over musical performances, creating a listening experience thats as pleasurable as it is educational."

In so doing, "Errington calls attention to the issue of representation, as one of his primary goals is to paint a global, multi-cultural picture of recording history," digging past all the marching bands, sentimental ballads, novelty instrumentals and nothing much else in the historical archives while putting out the call for expert help sourcing and evaluating "Rembetika, early microtonal recordings, French political speeches, Tagore songs or anything else."

Putting up another year's mix each month,...


Electric Universe -- Yeahright Planetary Stencilling -- increased gravity during Saturn-Sun transition.... Mike Philbin's free planet blog

in 2000, Neal Adams came out with this wild Expanding Earth claim, and I loved it (he even did one for Mars). Highlighting the obvious regions of Earth's mid-Atlantic crustal expansion, it gave (me) convincing evidence that 'the Earth got too heavy to support Dinosaurs' and that's why they went extinct.

However, there's a problem - TIME.

It would take 'too long' for Adams-like i.e. millennia-long and non-source, Earth expansion to have an effect. And we all know the Dinosaurs often died out in-situ i.e. where they stood. At the 03:00 mark of Adams' video, he shows how 'young rock' at the centre of the mid-Atlantic ridge allowed the 'tectonic plates' either side to slip away from each other. And there's a secondary problem - there's no understood mechanism for this MASSIVE influx of young-molten matter (unless the molten inner-Earth is ejecting its magmatic core, hollowing the core) but let's ignore that for now...

What iff, the adjacent striations of the mid-Atlantic ridge aren't evidence of E-W expansion but evidence of N-S electrical excavation on a global scale? You see this on metal-cathode discharge surfaces in the lab; a central discharge line with adjacent whip-line discharges. Just like in the centre of the Atlantic...

Further exploration of this Electrical Carving of Planets idea over a few brief moments of time, here's this guy, Robert Yeahright, who's been at it for years and who many may consider a crazy-person but who might have just discovered THE SHIFT IN AMPERAGE induced in Earth to form continental features of SIMILAR ELECTRICAL INFLUENCE. These generated locations and features match, across opposite sides of the globe. Like some great penetrating hand's going through the Earth spiralling these features into solid surface rock, transduced from above-below, or even induced from within.

YPS - Yeahright Planetary Stencilling - that's what I'm gonna call this brand-new geological plasma phenomena. Some young coding genius should write a 'pattern finding algorithm' for Google Earth to help this guy automate what he's having to do by eye. If a layering aspect could show 'which vortex was done first' upon the complex Earth-structuring story, YPS has the potential to totally replace PTT or Plate Tectonic Theory.

Is this the still-cooling blueprint of how Earth shifted from a proto-Saturnian member to a Solar System member? Are these the physical marks in the geology? And can these repeating patterns be used to gauge the POWER OF THE ELECTRICAL interaction of the Earth and Mars in very...


Quirky Food-Inspired Furniture Lets You Lounge on a Hot Dog or Hamburger My Modern Met

Furniture Design

Its not everyday that you can cozy up to a hot dog or hamburger, but in one unconventional collection of furniture design, it's now possible to snuggle up with a pickle slice. In a collaboration between Italian retailer Seletti and designers at Studio Job, beloved greasy foods have transformed into quirky upholstered furniture. Aptly called the Fast Food Furniture series, the colorful seating aims to have unpretentious fun with product design by fusing it with icons of American pop culture.

Upon first glance, its impossible to mistake Studio Job's intentions for the chair and sofa as anything but food. The structure of the pieces, clad in a caramel brown color, resemble the type of bread buns used in the real dishes. Its pillows act as the sausage, patty, and their accouterments, which are made even more convincing with details like tomato seeds and a swirl of yellow mustard. While certainly not for everyone, this novelty furniture design shows that seating need not be boring; in the right conditions, it can even make us laugh.

Fast Food Furniture is part of a larger collection called UN_LIMITED EDITIONS, and it's the second of the Seletti and Studio Job collaborations. Their first was aluminum chairs modeled after Victorian-era garden furniture. Although more conventional than a hamburger, the metal seating also infuses fun through its illustrative surface designs.

In the quirky furniture design collaboration of Seletti and Studio Job, you can cozy up to a hot dog or hamburger.

Furniture Design

The cushions act as the sausage and meat patty while the pillows are toppingsincluding a tomato.


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Thursday, 24 August


Ive Never Wanted to Learn Dog as Badly as I Do Right Now TwistedSifter


This is Coconut Rice Bear, a samoyed that clearly has something important to tell us. Ive never wanted to learn dog as badly as I do right now.

What are you trying to say girl? Tell us please!




Turbulence 3: The (pre-9/11) stinker of an airplane hijack film starring a fake Marilyn Manson! Dangerous Minds

Weekend at Bernies II. Blues Brothers 2000. Book of Shadows: Blair Witch 2. These are movies that should have never been made. and speaking of horrible film sequels, let me tell you a little bit about Turbulence, the plane-hijacking film franchise that just couldnt escape total obscurity. Although it probably should have.<...


Former Cartoonist Creates Tiny Tattoos of Simply Adorable Characters and Scenes My Modern Met

Cute Small Tattoos Simple Tattoos Illustration Ahmet Cambaz

Istanbul-based artist Ahmet Cambaz designs tiny tattoos that are as skillfully created as as they are delightfully adorable. As a former cartoonist, Cambaz finds inspiration in illustration, applying the artistic techniques he learned during his drawing days to each piece of body art.

Rendered in delicate lines and featuring minimal color, each tiny tattoo offers an understated way to adorn the body. His quaint collection of art exhibits a range in subject matter, with huggable animals like puppies, penguins, and cats being his most revisited motifs. In addition to these cuddly creatures, stylized, cartoon-like people and scenes inspired by nature also feature heavily in his splendid portfolio, which he shares on Instagram.

Following his role as a caricature artist, Cambaz began to dabble in body art when he was 29 years old. At first, he attempted to alter his aesthetic, experimenting with different approaches to tattooing. However, he soon realized that these changes were not necessary. When I started to design tattoos, I tried to work in different styles using various methods, but I didn't feel comfortable because I was not that person. It wasn't me, he tells Creators. So I decided to go on and develop my work and create the kind of tattoos that I like. Thanks to this realization, Cambaz continues to create works that showcase the overlooked art of simplicity.

Artist Ahmet Cambaz creates sweet and simple tattoos inspired by illustration and cartoons.



The Futile Effort of Differentiating Fine Art from Design Hyperallergic

Ryan Fenchel, Sidereal Procession, the Adept In Public (2017), acrylic, oil, chalk, pencil on canvas, 155 x 41 inches (all images courtesy the Landing and the artists)

LOS ANGELES If you ever admired Eero Saarinens modernist Tulip chair, a mid-20th-century industrial design icon, and thought it made for better sculpture than whatever you just saw in the art gallery down the street, you will enjoy The Useful and the Decorative at the Landing. Comprising seven artists unfortunately, only two of them women and all of them white the group exhibition explores the relationship between fine art and design, and how the lines blur between them. Underlying this investigation is the suggestion that these two arenas are distinguished by their use-value: design is explicitly utilitarian in its reinventions of items such as silverware, furniture, lighting, etc, while artworks are made without any practical function in mind, their central utility being conceptual. This exhibit is a nice opportunity to consider whether or not you buy that argument.

The strongest works are by Ryan Fenchel and Don Edler. But while the former identifies himself as a painter, and the latter as straddling between fine art and design, these considerations had no impact on my experience of their work. Fenchel paints vessels from his imagination, including vases, amphoras, jugs, and the like, taking liberties with their shapes and surfaces. His best piece in the gallery is Sidereal Procession, the Adept In Public (2017), a 12-foot-long frieze of 10 vessels set in vivid chroma. The connection between the image and its title is far from clear, but there is richness and delight in the orchestration of shapes and hues, some anthropomorphic, some like human organs, some resembling antique Chinese porcelain.



AC/DC vocalist Brian Johnsons balls out metal vocals for a Hoover vacuum commercial in 1980 Dangerous Minds

An early shot of AC/DC with vocalist Brian Johnson (pictured in the center).
I recently got into a profound internal dialog about AC/DCs post-Bon Scott days, which, as much as my heart will always belong to Bon, were still very formative for me. Its also a bonafide fact...


Live from the bardo: liane Radigues synth interpretation of The Tibetan Book of the Dead Dangerous Minds

liane Radigue as pictured on the cover of Feedback Works 1969-1970
In 1988, the electronic composer liane Radigue completed Kyema, Intermediate States, a sonic representation of the after-death state described in the Bardo Thdol (or


Recommended: Jorn Swart Malnoia Bird is the Worm

  Its odd how ephemeral the personality of Malnoia is, and yet how very distinct.  In a vague sense, this is a chamber jazz recording except when its not quite.  Other times the impression given is that of a folk-jazz work, but that impression fades before it fully takes hold.  Then there are those moments []


How a Liberal Arts Education Helped Derek Black, the Godson of David Duke, Break with the White Nationalist Movement Open Culture

Image of Ron Paul, Don Black, Derek Black (right), via Wikimedia Commons

A native of West Palm Beach, Florida, Derek Black grew up in one of the most prominent white nationalist families in the United States. He's the son of Don Black, a former grand wizard of the Ku Klux Klan. And he's the godson of David Duke, "the most recognizable figure of the American radical right, a neo-Nazi, longtime Klan leader and now international spokesman for Holocaust denial" (per the Southern Poverty Law Center). In short, Derek Black had every reason to grow up a racist, and remain a racist from cradle to grave. But things didn't turn out that way.

Below, you can hear Black explain how, as a young adult, he broke with white nationalism, leaving behind his family, friends and community. What laid the groundwork for that break? Going to a small liberal arts college, encountering new ideas, and meeting different people. In this recorded interview, he tells Michael Barbaro of The New York Times:

In 2010, I moved across the state and started college at this little liberal arts college in Florida, which was about three and a half hours from home and it was the first time that I had lived away from home. Nobody knew who I was and I did not volunteer who I was or anything about my background, I made friends, hung out with people and played my guitar on my balcony in my dorm. It was nice to come back from class and be able to talk about history or philosophy or whatever other subject and be around other people....

I had a friend on campus who I had gotten to know during my first semester when nobody knew who I was, he was an observant Jew who had Shabbat dinners pretty regularly whenever he was in town on Friday night and he would invite people of atheists and all sorts of different religions. It was just a nice dinner. And so he...


Underground Roots: New music from Lee Scratch Perry and Ari Up from The Slits Dangerous Minds

Though Dubs processes and sonic lexicon were basically already in place in the 1960s, forward-thinking producers like King Tubby and Lee Scratch Perry developed it from its beginning as a method of creating mere instrumental remixes of existing songs to a compositional process in its own right. Its fair to argue...


Eine Stadt bittet um einen Besuch von Banksy, um die Nachbarschaft aufzuwerten URBANSHIT

Street Art ist schon lange nicht mehr nur Vandalismus, sondern auch optische und monetre Aufwertung von Immobilien und Nachbarschaften zumindest manche und natrlich nur die schne und fr jeden zugngliche. Und somit wnschen sich ganz sicher ziemlich viele Stdte auf der Welt einen kleinen Tourismus-Push durch einen Original Banksy auf ihren Straen. Vielen Dank an Frankie Roche fr das Foto. So wnscht sich auch die Hafenstadt Ferrol im Nordwesten Spaniens einen Besuch von Banksy und ldt den Briten mit einem Plakat ein vorbeizuschauen, um die Nachbarschaft zu verschnern. Aus Stadtmarketing-Sicht ein sehr guter Schachzug. Aus Sicht der Street Art ein gutes Beispiel, was verdeutlicht, wie absurd zwischen Kunst und Vandalismus unterschieden wird. Ob die Verantwortlichen wohl auch  mit Tags und klassischen Graffiti genau so einverstanden wren?

Der Beitrag Eine Stadt bittet um einen Besuch von Banksy, um die Nachbarschaft aufzuwerten erschien zuerst auf URBANSHIT.


Electric Universe - Alex Mott - Rethinking Egypt Mike Philbin's free planet blog

in this most convincing and least melodramatic delivery of the evidence of Egypt's technological glory years, Alex Mott puts it in plain and simple terms, "Ancient high-tech granite-cities visited by some terrible global/galactic cataclysm," to which we have then to look to ancient texts for narrative substantiation. And there's much there to explore...

Brown-dwarf proto-Saturn was described as THE BEST SUN to these ancient people, before it flared into a destructive mode as the Saturnian system entered the Sun's heliosphere, giving birth to THE DRAGON planet Venus battled by THE WARRIOR planet Mars.

Or something else involving heat and light and shame and collective forgetting... the prototypical Fall from Grace of the post-Golden Age Period.


Discover the Paintings, Drawings & Collages of Sylvia Plath: Now on Display at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery Open Culture

Sylvia Plath was a study in contrasts. Her popularization as a confessional poet, feminist literary icon, and tragic casualty of major depression; her middle-class Boston background and tortured marriage to poet Ted Hughesthese are the highlights of her biography, and, in many cases, all many people get to know about her. But she was much more than that, Dorothy Moss tells Mental Floss. As Vanessa Willoughby puts it in a stunning essay about her own encounters with Plaths work, this woman was not the sum of a gas oven and two sleeping children nestled in their beds.

Moss, a curator at the Smithsonian National Portrait Gallery has organized an exhibit featuring many more sides of the poet's divided, yet purposeful self, including her work as a visual artist. Readers of Plaths poetry may not be surprised to learn she first intended to become an artist. Her visual sense is so keen that fully-formed images seem to leap out of poems like Blackberrying, and into the readers hands; like the high green meadows she describes, her lines are lit from within by a deep appreciation for color, texture, and perspective.

Blackberries / Big as the ball of my thumb, and dumb as eyes / Ebon in the hedges, fat / With blue-red juices. These they squander on my fingers.

The blackberries come alive not only in their personification but through the kind of vivid language that could only come from someone with a painterly way of looking at things. Plath drew and painted and sketched constantly as a child, says Moss, and first enrolled at Smith College as an art major.



Answers in Progress: Amiri Barakas Lyrical Manifesto for Life Brain Pickings

Were on the go for love to open our lives to walk tasting the sunshine of Life.

Answers in Progress: Amiri Barakas Lyrical Manifesto for Life

The question of what it takes to have a good life is the animating inquiry of human existence, and although it is each of our lifes work to arrive at the answer for ourselves, we can be, and have been, greatly aided by those who have made the question their vocation the philosophers, like Bertrand Russell and his theorem of love and knowledge, the psychologists, like the Harvard team who conducted a revelatory 75-year study of human happiness, and, perhaps most of all, the poets, those captain-spirits of humanity, who craft and steer vessels of language to hold what our hearts and minds struggle to contain.

One uncommonly beautiful hint at an answer comes from the poet, playwright, short story writer, and essayist LeRoi Jones, better known as Amiri Baraka (October 7, 1934January 9, 2014).

Amiri Baraka in 1964Amiri Baraka, mid-1970s

1967 was a momentous year for Jones. Upon returning from Los Angeles, where he had become enchant...


Watch Queens Bohemian Rhapsody Acted Out Literally as a Short Crime Film Open Culture

Queen's "Bohemian Rhapsody"--you can play it on a 1910 fairground organ; you can get Siri to sing the song on your iPhone and use it to help explain string theory; and you can even turn the song into a virtual reality experience. There's nothing you can't do with "Bohemian Rhapsody"--down to and including making it the basis of a short crime film. "Freddie" is played by Jeff Schine above; and Deborah Ramaglia plays "Mama." You know the script.

via Digg

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65,000 Fans Break Into a Singalong of Queens Bohemian Rhapsody at a Green Day Concert in Londons Hyde Park



Sixteenth-Century Feminist: Lavinia Fontana A R T LR K

 51286Z9V0MLOn the 24th of August 1552, Italian painter Lavinia Fontana was born in Bologna. She is considered the first ever woman artist to work within the same sphere as her male counterparts, independently and outside a royal court or convent. The most significant and prolific female artist of the 16th century, Lavinia Fontana opened up opportunities for successive generations of women artists throughout Europe. Like most of her counterparts, she received her initial training from her father, Prospero Fontana, a painter who had studied under the Mannerist Florentine artist and writer Giorgio Vasari. She was his only surviving child. Encouraged by her father to develop her artistic potential, early in her career she received both public and private commissions in Bologna. He arranged an introduction to a nobleman and artist from Imola, Gian Paolo de Zappi, and then arranged their marriage in 1577. Although both Zappi and Fontana are listed as members of the prestigious Accademia di San Luca in Rome, Murphy claims that Zappi was not a painter. Unlike most marriages then (and still), it was Zappi, not Fontana, who assumed the domestic role, looking after their many children. He also assisted his wife with her paintings, mostly backgrounds, and managed the family finances. To enhance his daugh...


Documenting the Disappearance of Americas Most Toxic Ghost Town Hyperallergic

Todd Stewart, Chat Pile (2008) (courtesy the artist)

Picher is often cited as the most toxic town in the United States. Yet every year, its identity as a town is eroding. A May 10, 2008 EF4 tornado wrecked more than 100 homes and killed six in its corner of northeastern Oklahoma, scattering bits of buildings and possessions at the base of the chat piles. These hills of chat, a fine gravel byproduct of lead and zinc mining, are a toxic relic of the industry that polluted the communitys earth and waters for decades in the early 20th century. Underground tunnels periodically open into gaping sinkholes. Following a mandatory evacuation and buyouts, spurred by its 1980 designation by the Environmental Protection Agency as part of the Tar Creek Superfund Site, its homes are boarded up, its mining museum is lost to arson, and its schools are abandoned.

I first visited Picher in 2008, shortly after the tornado, photographer Todd Stewart told Hyperallergic. The tornado had leveled houses in a significant part of the town, leaving only building foundations and pavement still in place.

He saw the ground strewn with personal objects, like books, photographs, toys, keepsakes, and letters. Although most of the towns residents had left, indications of their lives were everywhere, he said. I realized that this would not be the case forever. I knew that eventually this place would become a landscape with little physical evidence of what had been before.



A Crowd-Sourced Sound Map for the Protests of Our Time Hyperallergic

Screenshot of Cities and Memorys sound map of protests (screenshot via

From protests against President Trump to those opposed to Brexit, the streets of cities around the world have echoed with powerful, frequent cries of dissent over the last year alone. The chants, Her body, her choice! and EU, we love you! are among the almost 200 recordings of international protests that are now archived in an online sound map that spans over two decades. Titled Protest and Politics, the archive makes the case that these calls represent the sounds that best define the age we live in.

Three months in the making, Protest and Politics documents activists cries from 49 cities spread across 27 countries, with about 120 artists contributing their new interpretations. Along with the anti-Trump and Brexit protests, you can listen to the rousing chants of public school teachers in Colombia on strike last June; demonstrations in Istanbuls Taksim Square against Bashar al-Assad from 2011; and a chaotic recording of one of the many rallies against austerity measures in Thessaloniki. You can explore the collection as plotted on an interactive map, or listen to recordings as o...


Late 19th-Century Paris Documented in Graphic Prints and Posters by Toulouse-Lautrec My Modern Met

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec Posters Toulouse-Lautrec Prints

Post-Impressionist painter Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec is renowned for his expressive interpretations of turn-of-the-century Paris. Fascinated by the capital city's colorful nightlife, the French artist created a collection of 363 posters featuring Paris' most popular cafs, cabarets, and entertainers.

Admired for their bold graphics, vivid color palettes, and focus on the figure, these designs simultaneously served as advertisements and attracted collectors, blurring the line between mass produced prints and fine art. Today, Toulouse-Lautrec's posters continue to charm audiences, offering a graphic glimpse into La Belle poque.


Prior to creating prints and posters, Toulouse-Lautrec worked primarily as a painter. As a young adult living in Paris, he mingled with the city's most avant-garde artists and frequently showed his work in independent exhibitions.

With this exposure, the artist was well-established and well-liked by the 1890s, when sites in MontmartreParis' most artistic arrondissement, or districtcommissioned him to create advertisements for their spectacles.

Subject Matter

Unlike his paintings, which tend to explore and present intimate interactions and gritty, everyday situations, his posters showcase the fanciful nature of Parisian nightlife.


Given Toulouse-Lautrec's tendency to visit Montmartre's nightclubs, it is no surprise that cabarets compose the majority of his commissions. These caf-concerts include Divan Japonais, Ambassadeurs, and, of course, the world-famous Moulin Rougethe first cabaret to commission Toulouse-Lautrec.



A Major Art Symposium Goes Awry in Mexico City Hyperallergic

Desde el Teatro Julio Castillo, Centro Cultural del Bosque #SITACXIII #NadieEsInocente #findesemena

A post shared by Patronato Arte Contemporneo (@pacsitac) on Apr 13, 2016 at 12:01pm PDT

MEXICO CITY On the morning of July 31, Mexican news giant Excelsior reported that the 14th edition of the Simposio Internacional de Teora de Arte Contemporneo (the International Symposium on Contemporary Art Theory, or SITAC) scheduled to take place January 18 to 20, 2018, had been cancelled. The Symposium has been run for 13 consecutive years by Patronato de Arte Contemporneo (PAC), a nonprofit organization that funds contemporary art initiatives in Mexico.

Over the past decade, SITAC has become one of Mexicos most important contemporary art events. Its sponsored by Mexicos biggest contemporary art museums including Museo Jumex, Museo Rufino Tamayo, and Museo Universitario de Arte Contemporaneo (MUAC) and has long attracted key contemporary art thinkers from around the world as participants. The confirmed guest list for the 2018 edition included the German moving image artist...


FILM: Pointe Break

Tony Pipolo on Polina


New Paper Cut Illustrations with Marvelous Details Carved Out of a Single Sheet My Modern Met

Paper Cutting Art Paper Cut Out Paper Art Pippa Dyrlaga

Artist Pippa Dyrlaga is truly a master of paper cutting. The gifted crafter produces intricately detailed creations with visually stimulating patterns. Much like her older paper art, each of Dyrlaga's recent works are crafted from a single sheet of paper, showcasing the artist's steady hand and unwavering skill.

Spanning stylized flora, fauna, and even anatomy (a central theme of her new Biophilia-themed series), the Yorkshire-based artist's collection of cut-outs appears to exhibit an eclectic interest in subject matter. However, the motifs explored in her paper cutting portfolio predominantly relate to nature, as they are inspired by her rural upbringing. Given her time spent surrounded by the best of British wildlife, many of the creatures conveyed are the various species of birds that, like the artist, call northern England's waterways home.

While her designs have grown increasingly complex since she began practicing the craft nearly a decade ago, her process remains the same. First, she sketches each design in reverse. Then, using an X-ACTO knife, she carefully carves out the drawings' details. Once she's made each incision, she turns the sheet over, revealing a pristine paper creation.

If you'd like to follow Dyrlaga's paper-centric path, be sure to take note of her recent Reddit advice. Take your time, she explains. Experiment and don't be worried if they aren't great at first. Experiment till you find a good paper you love and just keep practicing! Never rush either, if I don't feel like I'm properly focused, I walk away from it for a while. Or, if you'd rather cut to the chase and purchase one of Dyrlaga's own paper cut-outs or prints, be sure to stop by her online shop.

Paper cutting artist Pippa Dyrlaga crafts intricate art in exquisite detail.



Miniatur-Riot-Wunderland Installation im Mastab 1:87 im Hamburger Schanzenviertel URBANSHIT

Der britische Knstler Jimmy Cauty zeigt in Hamburg noch bis Sonntag seine bekannte The Aftermath Dislocation Principle Installation, ein Miniatur-Riot-Wunderland im Mastab 1:87. Anlsslich des Internationalen Sommerfestivals ist zur Zeit die Installation The Aftermath Dislocation Principle (ADP) des britischen Knstlers und Musikers Jimmy Cauty im Hamburger Schanzenviertel zu sehen. Die Installation, die in einem Miniaturmodell im Mastab 1:87 eine Post-Riot-Stadt zeigt, steht auf dem Vorplatz des Bahnhof Sternschanze. Installiert ist die Modellstadt in einem 40-Fu-Container, der durch Gucklcher Blicke auf das Szenario zulsst. Die Installation war vor rund zwei Jahren bereits in Banksys Anti-Freizeitpark Dismaland in dem britischen Ferienort Weston-super-Mare zu sehen. Seit dem tourt sie durch mehrere Stdte. Zu sehen ist die Installation noch bis zum 27. August 2017 direkt an der S-Bahn Sternschanze. Mehr ber die Hintergrnde der Installation sowie das Internationale Sommerfestival gibt es auf der Website von Kampnagel. Dort findet man auch ein interessantes Interview mit Jimmy Cauty, in dem er unter anderem ber die Installation spricht. Alle Bilder: Urbanshit / The Aftermath Dislocation Principle / Dismaland 2015 / Hamburg 2017

Der Beitrag Miniatur-Riot-Wunderland Installation im Mastab 1:87 im Hamburger Schanzenviertel erschien zuerst auf URBANSHIT.


Interview: Photojournalist Uses Polaroids to Document the Faces of the Refugee Crisis My Modern Met

giovanna del sarto photojournalism about refugee crisis

Mirian, second from left, and her Sisters, from Afganistan, posing in front of National Archaeological Museum in Athens.
Athens, Greece, April 2016.
The four sisters and their brother are now in Austria.

Since 2015, photographer Giovanna Del Sarto has been documenting Europe's refugee crisis through her unique project, A Polaroid for a Refugee. Asking her subjects to pose, but not giving them any direction on how to do so, she snaps Polaroid photographs that not only document the current situation of these refugees, but gives them a giftas each is also given a photograph in exchange.

For almost two years, Del Sarto has moved through locations in Serbia and Greece to get firsthand experience with the crisis. Whether working at the information tent at the Presevo transit camp in Serbia or joining a Norwegian NGO in night patrolling Lesvos, a Greek island close to the Turkish Coast, her work has brought her into close contact with men, women, and children who have been forced to flee their homes.

And while the refugee crisis has been well covered by photojournalists, A Polaroid for a Refugee has seen great success for the emotional core it touches. The glimpses of pride in their poses and tired traces in their eyes gives a profoundly human glimpse into what is often reduced to a news headline. We had the opportunity to speak with the Italian-born, London-based photographer about her work, how she started using the Polaroid, and her next steps in our exclusive interview, below.



20+ Funny Textbook Doodles That Are So Clever, Teachers Wont Be Mad My Modern Met

Best Textbook Doodles by Bored Students

Photo: @brocubaMY

For a student, sitting in a classroom for hours at a time can get monotonousespecially as a instructor lectures on and on, day after day. Many bored students can't sit idly by without doing something, so doodling is a great way to keep their hands busy and minds occupied while class goes on. Not all of that drawing is technically allowed though; doodling in a textbook is generally frowned upon, but in some cases, the resulting illustrations are so clever and funny that teachers can't stay madthey're impressed!

Some of the best textbook doodles are incorporated into the images that are already in the publications. Using pens and pencils, they're transformed with crazy outfits and drawn into absurd situations. With this bit of imagination, the previously stuffy photos and dry diagrams are given a much-needed comedic upgrade.

Two of our favorite textbook drawings add a modern twist to conventional historic portraits. In separate images posted by Twitter user @brocubaMY, each of the illustrations feature a man's photo that's redrawn and imagined as a selfieselfie stick and all. It's certainly one unconventional way to bring learning into the 21st century.

Check out bored students who broke the rules to create some of the best textbook doodles around.

Funny Hair Observation

Hilarious Textbook Doodles

Photo: Imgur

Physical Education Prediction Doodles



Lustful and lush paintings depicting The Seven Deadly Sins by Gail Potocki Dangerous Minds

Lust. A painting from artist Gail Potockis latest series, The Seven Deadly Sins.
The artwork of Chicago-based artist Gail Potocki may be familiar to you as her work has been shown in galleries the world over. Her modern paintings would look right at...


Meet the original Nirvana: A pioneering sixties psychedelic rock duo Dangerous Minds

In the early 1990s, there were a lot of people who were buzzed by thinking (and talking ad nauseam) about Chaos theory and the odd possibility that the fluttering of a butterflys wings in Brazil could cause a tornado somewhere...

DIARY: Missing Pieces

Gkcan Demirkazik on the Sharjah Biennial 13 Off-Site Project in Ramallah


Sagrada Familia Among Sites Targeted by Barcelona Terrorists Hyperallergic

Sagrada Famlia in Barcelona in 2011 (photo via Wikipedia Commons)

The terror cell responsible for the vehicle attacks in Barcelona and Cambrils last week were planning a much larger, deadlier one that involved filling three vans with explosives and detonating them at three of Barcelonas busiest sites. One, as a suspect revealed yesterday in a Madrid court, would have been the Sagrada Famlia, the towering Roman Catholic church designed by Catalan architect Antoni Gaud. The second, as El Espaol reported, was Las Ramblas avenue, where a driver plowed a van through crowds last Thursday, killing 13 people and injuring over 100 others; authorities speculate that the third target may have been along the citys busting port.

Interior of Sagrada Famlia in 2013 (photo by the author for Hyperallergic)

The conspirators at least 12 of them ...


How to Win at Texas Hold Em: A Free MIT Course Open Culture

In 2015, we featured a short MIT course called Poker Theory and Analytics, which introduced students to poker strategy, psychology, and decision-making in eleven lectures. Now comes a new course, this one more squarely focused on Texas Hold 'Em. Taught by MIT grad student Will Ma, the course "covers the poker concepts, math concepts, and general concepts needed to play the game of Texas Hold'em on a professional level." Here's a quick overview of the topics the course delves into in the 7 lectures above (or find them here on YouTube).

  • Poker Concepts: preflop ranges, 3-betting, continuation betting, check-raising, floating, bet sizing, implied odds, polarization, ICM theory, data mining in poker
  • Math Concepts: probability and expectation, variance and the Law of Large Numbers, Nash Equilibrium
  • General Concepts: decisions vs. results, exploitative play vs. balanced play, risk management

You can find the syllabus, lecture slides and assignments on this MIT website.  How to Win at Texas Hold 'Em will be added to our collection, 1,250 Free Online Courses from Top Universities.

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Sex up your baking game with this Kama Sutra rolling pin Dangerous Minds

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Clever Street Artist Paints Fake Shadows to Playfully Trick Passersby My Modern Met

Shadow Art Street Art Damon Belanger Redwood City

Working in a myriad of mediums, California-based creative Damon Belanger is known for his eclectic oeuvre. While he dabbles in everything from package design to culture-inspired paintings, his most recent endeavor is a playful street art project that gives ordinary objects silly and surprising shadows.

Belanger was commissioned to adorn the streets of downtown Redwood City, California, with 20 fanciful public pieces. By painting faux shadows on the sidewalk, he has transformed the seemingly ordinary city into a whimsical wonderland. Using public features like benches and bicycle racks as inspiration, the artist creates peculiar shadows that breathe new life into the city's overlooked sites. In Belanger's world, a mailbox is actually a smiling monster, a parking kiosk is transformed into a monkey on a pedestal, and a city map is revealed to be a robot.

To create each curious piece, Belanger first chooses the object that will cast the shadow. He then creates a chalk outline of a character, strategically angling it in such a way that resembles a real cast shadow. Once he is pleased with his sketch, he uses dark grey paint to fill it in, andvoila! An everyday fixture becomes a quirky character, proving that any public space can be an artist's playground!

For his latest street art project, Damon Belanger has introduced a series of playful shadow art to downtown Redwood City.

Shadow Art Street Art Damon Belanger Redwood City


A Film About Falling in Love and Geeking Out About Modernism Hyperallergic

Still from Columbus (all images courtesy Columbus)

Ten years ago, I helped organize a panel in conjunction with the Asian American International Film Festival called On Asian/American Aesthetics. The featured speakers included playwright David Henry Hwang, fashion designer Mary Ping, architect Billie Tsien, and filmmaker Wayne Wang. The promptWhat are Asian or Asian American aesthetics?provided an interesting entry point for a discussion about art, as well as identity and race. But in many ways, the question also felt impossible to answer and seemed almost facetiously posed, because first one had to unpack what is considered Asian and what is considered Asian American. And were we primarily talking about an East Asian aesthetic, as reflected by the ethnicities of the panelists?

Video essayist turned narrative filmmaker Kogonada offers a surprisingly elegant response to this question in his debut feature. Visually arresting and replete with contemplative moments, Columbus spotlights the eponymous Indiana town, notable for being the birthplace of Mike Pence and an unexpected haven for modernist architecture. Deborah Berke, I.M. Pei, and Eero Saarinen have all left their mark there. The Korean-born and Midwest-grown director uses this spectacular backdrop to cultivate the fateful friendship forged by circumstance and isolation between a small-town girl and a transient outsider thats at the heart of the movie.

Still from Columbus

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Movie Accent Expert Breaks Down 31 Actors Playing Real People TwistedSifter


Dialect coach Erik Singer takes a look at idiolects, better known as the specific way one individual speaks. To best break down this concept, Erik analyzes some actors playing real people. Just how close was Jamie Foxxs Ray Charles? What about Cate Blanchetts portrayal of Bob Dylan? Is Daniel Day-Lewis Lincoln accurate?




The kids are not alright: Nasty notes, death threats & other troubling pieces of art done by kids Dangerous Minds

Kids these days.
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Two Comics Artists Draw Their Ways Through Depression Hyperallergic

From Nothing Lasts Forever (courtesy of Image Comics)

The trope of the tortured artist has long been held in popular culture; from Vincent Van Gogh to Virginia Woolf. A quick internet search finds a lengthy Wikipedia page devoted to creativity and mental illness, a 2003 cover story in the journal of the American Psychological Association on The Sylvia Plath Effect, and Christopher Zaras controversial book Tortured Artists. Recent political events, particularly shootings by and of those with a history of mental illness, have brought this issue into the wider political and cultural consciousness, making an otherwise rarely discussed private struggle something debated by politicians, police, and social activists.

Sunburning by Keiler Roberts (image courtesy of Koyama Press)

Against this fraught backdrop, two artists have produced accounts of their ongoing battles with depression and their careers as comic artists. In Sunburning, Keiler Roberts describes her life as a wife, mother, and artist in a series of witty vignettes illustrated with simple line drawings. In Nothing Lasts Forever, Sina Grace outlines the years after his first book, Self-Obsessed, was released, when he struggled to find and maintain romantic relationships and t...


NASAs Best Photos of the 2017 Total Solar Eclipse My Modern Met

eclipse 2017 photos

Composite image, made from 4 frames, showing the International Space Station, with a crew of six onboard, as it transits the Sun at roughly five miles per second during a partial solar eclipse, Monday, Aug. 21, 2017 from Northern Cascades National Park in Washington. (Photo: NASA/Bill Ingalls)

The spectacular total solar eclipse on August 21, 2017 was witnessed by millions in the United States. But perhaps no one appreciates the rare phenomenon more than the scientists, researchers, and astronauts of NASA. In anticipation of the event, which hadn't occurred for 99 years, the organization even set up a special Eclipse 2017 website.

NASA is known for its ability to capture incredible images of the solar system, whether they're detailed images of Jupiter taken with the JunoCam or fly by photographs of Pluto. So, it's only fitting that they were able to get some interesting photographs of the 2017 total solar eclipse. Whether taken from outer space or planet Earth, NASA is publishing its best photographs to Flickr. How else could you see the moon's shadow passing over the planet?

And the fun doesn't end there. NASA is collecting total eclipse photos in a special Flickr group open to the public. This effort to engage the public in all things space related is common to organization, as it continues to encourage interest in astronomy.

Let's take a look at some of the best NASA imagery of the 2017 total eclipse, a memorable moment in history.



This Street Artist is Painting Fake Shadows and Making People Do Double Takes TwistedSifter


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Alexander Girard, the Designer Who Made American Modernism Less Sterile Hyperallergic

Detail of installation from Alexander Girard: A Designers Universe at the Cranbrook Art Museum (all photos by the author for Hyperallergic)

Alexander Girard, Wooden dolls (1952), four of 23 different models)

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Dazzling movie posters from the golden age of adult cinema Dangerous Minds

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Detailed Graphite Hair Drawings by Hong Chun Zhang Colossal

Chinese artist Hong Chun Zhang creates graphite drawings that replace everyday materials with ribbons, sheets, or swirls of shiny black hair. The works, titled Hairy Objects, are intended to be humorous while also a bit unsettling, allowing the beauty of hair to also repulse the audience when caught emerging from the spine of a book or the spout of a bathroom sink.

The surreal drawings also focus on her cultural identity, especially connections with her family in China, and her identity as a woman and sister. The hair represents a powerful life force, imbuing each piece with an aspect of herself.

In addition to graphite drawings, Zhang also creates ink paintings in the traditional Chinese fine style which requires applying ink from lighter to darker shades through eight successive layers. The technique is very realistic and time consuming, requiring years of specialized training. Hong studied at the Central Academy of Fine Arts (CAFA) in Beijing for four years, as well as learned from her parents who had a strong influence on her artistic style at a young age.

In addition to getting her BFA in Chinese painting from CAFA, Zhang received her MFA at the University of California, Davis. She currently lives and works in Lawrence, Kansas.



Whats a Scientifically-Proven Way to Improve Your Ability to Learn? Get Out and Exercise Open Culture

Wikimedia Commons Image by the U.S. Navy

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Visual Sounds of the Amazon: Digital Lifeforms that Respond to Audio Recorded in the Amazon Rainforest Colossal

Australian artist Andy Thomas (previously here and here) presents his first installment of Visual Sounds of the Amazon, a responsive artwork that alters its visual shape based on audio Thomas collected from the Amazon rainforest. The animation sequence is one that can hardly be described, as bright bursts of light escape a tangle of blue and yellow helixes each time a bird squeaks, with similarly colored balls orbiting the digitally-composed mass.

Previously Thomas has made responsive artworks to other flora and fauna, specifically using recordings created in Australia and the Netherlands. This particular iteration will be screened at Render, a festival of animated hybridizations in Lima, Peru. You can view/listen to more of his otherworldly and adaptive video work on his website.


Illustrator Turns Her Beautiful Line Drawings into Charming Tattoos My Modern Met

Illustrative Tattoos Sollefe Black Ink Tattoo

Citing illustration as her predominant passion, Mexico City-based artist Sollefe embraces the art form regardless of whether the final result is static or moving, whether it is large or small, whether it is personal or commercial. This versatile approach to the practice culminates in an eclectic portfolio, including drawings, graphic design, animation, and, most fascinatingly, a collection of charming tattoos.

Ranging in subject from delicate flora and fauna to quirky anatomical drawings, each distinctive tattoo is inspired by Sollefe's own illustrations. Much like the original drawings themselves, the tattoos are rendered only in black ink, accentuating the details' subtlety and the forms' simplicity. Similarly, the artist employs traditionally illustrative techniques when creating each work of body art, including dappled shading, an emphasis on the contrast between dark and light, and an interest in stylized subjects.

Unlike many tattoo artists who work in a variety of aesthetics, Sollefe retains her signature, subtle style when creating her tattoos. This gives each piece a distinctive look and captures the artist's unique approach to both the black ink tattoo trend and contemporary body art in general.

Illustrative tattoo artist Sollefe specializes in black ink body art.

Illustrative Tattoos Sollefe Black Ink Tattoo

Each charming piece showcases both her love of illustration and her tattooing talent.



Wednesday, 23 August


How to Embed a Shout: A New Generation of Black Artists Contends with Abstraction Hyperallergic

Tariku Shiferaws studio in Bushwick (photo by the author for Hyperallergic)

Im in Tariku Shiferaws studio because of a conversation about black masculinity. We met several months ago at a dinner event, Elia Albas Supper Club, held at the 8th Floor gallery where we collectively several artists, historians, curators chewed over how we now deal with each other as black men and how me might improve our relationships. Shiferaw is a 34-year-old artist originally from Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, who earned his MFA degree from Parsons School of Design. He invited me to his studio in Bushwick to check out his work, and then we ran into each other again, randomly at a opening a few weeks later, thereby reminding me of our scheduled meeting. After I place my backpack down, I take out my notebook and pen, but dont write yet. I take stock of how orderly Shiferaw has placed the work he wants to show me. There is rigor apparent just in that choice. I start mentally listing the obvious aspects of his paintings which hang on the two walls nearest the entrance, at eye level: first of all, the canvas isnt canvas; its clear plastic thats stretched taut over wood frames, acrylic paint thinly applied in inch-wide, horizontal bars that are ruler straight and evenly spaced, but with jagged ends, the palette a matte black or a darker royal blue. The paintings are big squares, perhaps two feet by two feet. This is some hard-hearted abstraction giving me no narrative, hardly any painterly flourishes, and no reference to anything from life that I recognize, not even symbolically. I want to mention Pierre Soulages, who is now a very old French modernist painter, but his work was much more texture and uses reflective and non-reflective blacks against each other, and his paintings tend to be grand flights of ego. Shiferaws work is so much quieter, tightly held, reserved. Shiferaw offers me a beer; we sit facing each other and then get into it.



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