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The Womens March is preparing to mark the one year anniversary of its march in Washington D.C. in Las Vegas on January 21st, but theres something important missing from the groups list of eight Unity Principles. This year, the organization is focused on registering voters to obtain tangible strategies and concrete wins in 2018.
The march has provided a platform for a national discussion of womens issues, and to guide this conversation, the march organizers wrote a series of eight Unity Principals that are intended to be the cross section of intersectional feminism. Two of the principals that have been particularly relevant this year those on ending violence and on reproductive rights.
As we saw in the second half of 2017, it unfortunately still needs to be said that women stand against all forms of violence against our bodies. Sexual assault is something we must identify and condemn as a culture, and specifically as women. Reproductive rights also continue to dominate the conversation, although the movement has run into some trouble over the issue of abortion, since pro-life feminists have added their voice to the conversation around the march.
But the conversation around reproductive rights is missing an important issue. There is a large group of women whose problems have been omitted. These are the women and families who have suffered pregnancy loss (and its ugly sisters; stillbirth and infertility, which are deserving of their own time and will not be addressed here).
If we are going to talk about womens issues, and specifically reproduction, it seems negligent not to include pregnancy loss. The statistics regarding pregnancy loss are staggering with as many as 1 in 4 pregnancies ending in miscarriage. Pregnancy loss hurts women and it does not discriminate. It does not matter if you are pro-choice or pro-life, Catholic or Buddhist, Republican or Democrat, rich or poor. It doesnt matter if you wanted the baby for years or if you were planning on having an abortion. Women across all demographics have experienced pregnancy loss, yet it is a largely ignored issue, even among women.
One might argue that the Womens March does not need to focus on pregnancy loss because everyone agrees that it is bad, and because its not an injustice caused by society. But treating it as simply a naturally occurring tragedy is an injustice.
In a conversation largely dominated by reproductive choice, we have forgotten those who know all too well that sometimes pregnancy and...
Certified Birth & Bereavement Doula serving southeastern Wisconsin
This time is by launching her Family Planning Programme. The technology is called Uniiject, it comes in a simple, unintimidating squeeze bottle. It is said to cost one dollar.
The injection is simple and built to encourage more women in West African nations to either delay pregnancy or halt it forever . Because the injection doesnt require the women to lift up their dresses, turnout is expected to be high.
According to Science Alert, 6,000 women have already been subjected to the anti-fertility injections.
The results have so far been very positive in Burkina Faso, with Gates Foundation-funded site, Take Part, reporting that nearly 6,000 women have used the contraceptive, and for almost a quarter of them, its the first contraceptive theyve ever taken.
Melinda Gates now plans to roll out the anti-fertility contraception to millions of women, according to the Hindustan Times.
Im encouraged that the government of India is finally, really coming back to family planning. They have re-energised it, they are saying they understand it needs to be voluntary and they are starting to offer a basket of choices and options to women, said Melinda , co-chair of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, who arrived in New Delhi on a three-day visit on Friday.
Because sterilisation is the only method available to so many women, they have their children very, very close together, so they have them young which is extremely dangerous for the mom and for the baby, she said.
So India took this decision last year to introduce injectables into the public sector, which is huge. I see it happening this year. They (Indian government) have been talking about it for several years but hadnt taken the policy decision. They finally took the policy decision, so I think...
The Skeptical Raptor, stalking pseudoscience in the internet jungle.
According to recent studies from the CDC, only about 63% of teen girls and 50% of teen boys have started the HPV vaccination series. The relatively low vaccine uptake, despite the evidence that Gardasil prevents cancer, one of the few ways to actually prevent cancer, is especially frustrating to those of us who are supporters
PMID: Cell Physiol Biochem. 2017 ;44(6):2407-2421. Epub 2017 Dec 18. PMID: 29268276 Abstract Title: Melatonin Relieves Busulfan-Induced Spermatogonial Stem Cell Apoptosis of Mouse Testis by Inhibiting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress. Abstract: BACKGROUND/AIMS: Busulfan is commonly used for cancer chemotherapy. Although it has the advantage of increasing the survival rate of patients, it can cause male infertility via damaging the testes and reducing sperm counts. Therefore, the underlying mechanism should be explored, and new agents should be developed to protect the male reproductive system from busulfan-induced damage. Endoplasmic reticulum stress (ERS) is considered a key contributor to numerous pathologies. Despite several studies linking ERS to toxicants, studies have yet to determine whether ERS is a contributing factor to busulfan-induced testicular damage. Melatonin is a well-known broad-spectrum antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antitumour agent, but the effects of melatonin on busulfan-induced ERS in mouse testes damage are less documented.METHODS: The effects of melatonin were measured by immunofluorescence staining, Western blot, qRT-PCR analysis and flow cytometry assay. The underlying mechanism was investigated by measuring ERS.RESULTS: We found that ERS was strongly activated in mouse testes (in vivo) and the C18-4 cell line (in vitro) after busulfan administration. ERS-related apoptosis proteins such as caspase-12, CHOP and caspase-3 were activated, and the expression of apoptotic proteins such as P53 and PUMA were upregulated. Furthermore, we investigated whether melatonin reduced the extent of damage to mouse testes and improved the survival rates of busulfan-treated mice. When exploring the underlying mechanisms, we found melatonin could counteract ERS by decreasing the expression levels of the ERS markers GRP78, ATF6, pIRE1 and XBP1 in mouse testes and mouse SSCs (C18-4 cells). Moreover, it blocked the activation of ERS-related apoptosis proteins caspase-12, CHOP and caspase-3 and suppressed P53 and PUMA expression stimulated by busulfan both in vivo and in vitro.CONCLUSION: Our results demonstrate that ERS is an important mediator for busulfan-induced apoptosis. The attenuation of ERS by melatonin can prevent busulfan-treated SSCs apoptosis and protect busulfan-treated testes from damage. Thus, this study suggests that melatonin may alleviate the side effects of busulfan for male patients during clinical treatment.
It was reported this week a simple kitchen staple could help to reduce the number of c-sections. According to the new study published in the Journal of Maternal-Fetal & NeoNatal Medicine, bicarbonate of soda could help to reduce the number of women having c-sections because of failure to progress. Failure to progress is one of the leading reasons why women give birth by c-section. Failure to progress is described as a slow or stalled labour. It is usually used to describe a first labour of over 20 hours or a labour of over 14 hours for a woman who has given birth previously. You can read more in Failure To Progress - 6 Things That Prolong Labour.
PMID: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol. 2017 Dec 28 ;340:30-38. Epub 2017 Dec 28. PMID: 29289671 Abstract Title: Melatonin protects mouse spermatogonial stem cells against hexavalent chromium-induced apoptosis and epigenetic histone modification. Abstract: Given the potential biological functions of spermatogonial stem cells (SSCs) in spermatogenesis and in delivering parental genetic information to the next generation, how these cells respond to environmental toxins and carcinogens should be investigated. We examined the toxic effect of hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) on global histone modifications and apoptotic signaling pathways in SSCs. We determined the effect of melatonin, one of the most powerful endogenous free radical scavengers and wide-spectrum antioxidants, in protecting SSCs from Cr(VI)-induced apoptosis and global histone modification by Western blot analysis. In addition, we examined the in vivo effect of melatonin on Cr(VI)-induced histological changes of seminiferous tubules in mouse testes. We also evaluated the fertility of male mice by monitoring litter size following intraperitoneal injection of these chemicals. Our study demonstrated the Cr(VI)-induced global increases in H3K9me3 and H3K27me3 and activated the apoptotic signaling pathway. Pretreatment of SSCs with melatonin alleviated Cr(VI)-induced apoptosis and the global increase of H3K9me3. Exposure to melatonin also attenuated the Cr(VI)-induced increase of the abundance of histone methyltransferase ESET. Furthermore, exogenous administration of melatonin protected mice against Cr(VI)-induced changes in testicular histology and germ cell apoptosis, which helped maintain normal spermatogenesis and male fertility. Our study revealed a potential new therapeutic approach for male reproductive injury caused by Cr(VI).
PMID: Cell J. 2018 Apr ;20(1):108-112. Epub 2017 Dec 1. PMID: 29308626 Abstract Title: Evaluating The Effect of Melatonin on HAS2, and PGR expression, as well as Cumulus Expansion, and Fertility Potential in Mice. Abstract: OBJECTIVES: Infertility is a worldwide health problem which affects approximately 15% of sexually active couples. One of the factors influencing the fertility is melatonin. Also, protection of oocytes and embryos from oxidative stress inducing chemicals in the culture medium is important. The aim of the present study was to investigate if melatonin could regulate hyaluronan synthase-2 (HAS2) and Progesterone receptor (PGR) expressions in the cumulus cells of mice oocytes and provide an in vitro fertilization (IVF) approach.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, for this purpose, 30 adult female mice and 15 adult male mice were used. The female mice were superovulated using 10 U of pregnant mare serum gonadotropin (PMSG) and 24 hours later, 10 U of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) were injected. Next, cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were collected from the oviducts of the female mice by using a matrix-flushing method. The cumulus cells were cultured with melatonin 10M for 6 hours and for real-time reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used for evaluation of HAS2 and PGR expression levels. The fertilization rate was evaluated through IVF. All the data were analyzed using a t test.RESULTS: The results of this study showed that HAS2 and PGR expressions in the cumulus cells of the mice receiving melatonin increased in comparison to the control groups. Also, IVF results revealed an enhancement in fertilization rate in the experimental groups compared to the control groups.CONCLUSIONS: To improve the oocyte quality and provide new approaches for infertility treatment, administration of melatonin as an antioxidant, showed promising results. Thus, it is concluded that fertility outcomes can be improved by melatonin it enhances PGR.
Pope Francis has awarded a family planning clinic millions of dollars of Vatican money, in his first public endorsement for abortion. On January 12, reports surfaced on Twitter that Lilianne Ploumen, former Minister for Foreign Trade [...]
A new Marist poll reveals more than three quarters of Americans would restrict abortion to, at most, the first trimester of pregnancy. The poll, sponsored by the Knights of Columbus, is released as thousands begin to descend upon Washington, DC for the annual March for Life. The survey finds that 76 percent of Americans are in favor of limiting abortion to, at most, the first three months of pregnancy, including 92 percent of Republicans, 78 percent of Independents, and 61 percent of Democrats. Additionally, while 51 percent of Americans identify as "pro-choice," even 60 percent of those agree with substantial restrictions on abortion.
Originally published in 2012; link to Amazon Smile that donates a portion of proceeds to ICAN
For those who dont know where it all began, Ill start with my first pregnancy. August 2008 I got pregnant with my DD and worked with the Midwife Center to attempt a natural delivery. The entire pregnancy was full of complications, which I wont go into, but it came down to me going 41 weeks when they eventually diagnosed me as having preeclampsia and offered a c-section or induced labor. No labor signs had come up to that point so I elected the routine section given my daughter didnt seem ready to come out anyway. Recovery was very hard, but I got by.
Three months postpartum, I discovered that I was pregnant again and, needless to say, shocked, but learned about VBACs and found a practice that supported my desire to attempt one. This pregnancy went fine except for the fact that it was full of stress having to move, take care of my DD, and mentally and physically prepare to have another child within a year. I tried everything to go into labor naturally using the advice of a wonderful doula I was working with but wound up going 42 weeks and a day without any signs of labor. After getting an ultrasound, they found that my amniotic fluids were dropping and urged that I get my son out asap. With much remorse, I consented to have a repeat section given I really had no choice; obviously, I wanted my son to come out alive. While they were performing the operation, they discovered that the lining of my uterus was so thin they could see my son through it (aka dehiscence) and said it was good that I didnt labor since I would have ruptured. The recovery was very rough and throughout the following year, I had numerous health issues which I attribute to having two surgeries so close together.
Fast forward to August 2011. I got pregnant again. Returned to my former OB/GYN practice only to be told that they were not very supportive of me attempting a VBA2C. I went looking at other practices only to be told repeatedly that they would not allow me to VBA2C since it was too dangerous and I could rupture. Desperate, I contacted the Doulas of Pittsburgh in January seeking advi...
A proposed rule under review at the White House would create a new division of conscience and religious freedom division inside the Health and Human Services Department (HHS) that would allow healthcare providers to opt out of treating patients or offering services that go against their moral and religious beliefs such as performing abortions or
A proposed rule under review at the White House would create a new division of conscience and religious freedom division inside the Health and Human Services Department (HHS) that would allow healthcare providers to opt out of treating patients or offering services that go against their moral and religious beliefs such as performing abortions or working with LGBT patients.
Before each high school dance, my husband and I must participate in an unnerving and relatively new phenomenon: The pre-dance picture party. One brave family (usually us) offers to host my daughters large circle of friends and their parents for an extended photo shoot to capture the big night. Both moms and dads even siblings are expected to attend, dedicating a chunk of their Saturday night to participate in the festivities.
Weve had upwards of 50 people in our house, served food and drinks, and watched parents wielding high-powered digital cameras take loads of pictures before the teens head out. Its like a red-carpet event where our daughters are the celebrities. The moms promptly post a collage on Facebook, adding to a lengthy thread of photographed moments that catalog their childs life. The photos are then loaded onto computers for safekeeping.
The picture party circus is unlike anything my parents would have tolerated, let alone participated in, and its just one example of how technology has fueled the child-centered world that we, as parents, have created. Its hard to imagine such a scrum would exist but for social media and weaponized cameras. While we lament how much our teens are addicted to technology giving rise to an alarming epidemic of narcissism, insularity, and indifference among our nations youth we have yet to really look at how our own use of technology has fostered this.
Thats one angle in a new episode of Netflixs Black Mirror, which gives a glimpse into where the trajectory of emerging technology and parenting could potentially collide. In Arkangel, directed by Jodie Foster, a single mother raising her only child in a working-class neighborhood has an implant inserted into the brain of her three-year-old daughter after she goes missing from a local park for a brief time.
The implant allows the mother, Marie, to track the whereabouts of her daughter, Sarah, on a computerized tablet. Apps on the tablet enable Marie to blur out violent images that Sarah might see on television and prevent the girl from seeing real-life threats like an aggressive dog, schoolyard bully or even her ill grandfather. Marie can watch everything thats happening to Sarah in real-time, even monitor her physical health. Every moment is saved on the tablet, and Marie dutifully checks the device throughout the day to make sure Sarah is safe.
When the girl reaches grade school, shes mocked by classmates for her robotic personality. Out of curiosity, Sarah starts to ask them questions. After a boy asks her if shes ever seen blood before (she hasnt), then tries to describe it to her, Sarah goes home and stabs herself with a pencil to draw blood. Marie, alarmed at what shes done to her daughter, packs away the tablet.
Several years later, when Marie discovers teenage-Sarah lied...
A year or so ago, a pregnant woman asked me a really good question, which I answered briefly in a blog post (Wickham 2016). What is it called, she asked, when youre fearful of medicalisation?
I couldnt come up with a good answer. I considered iatrophobia, which is the fear of doctors, but the woman said she wasnt fearful of doctors. She knows quite a lot of doctors and likes them very much. It was, we realised after talking some more, the maternity care system and the processes, routines and interventions that it contains, rather than its employees that were at the root of her fears. The woman was concerned about dehumanisation. She was afraid of being treated like just one animal in a herd. She was worried that she would be seen by strangers and need to constantly be on guard for things that the system considered important on a population basis, but which she wouldnt want for herself. She was very aware that being on guard wasnt compatible with being in labour and letting her mind relax so that she could allow her body to birth.
At the time, I shared this: I am seeing more research and articles being published which include the word tocophobia or fear of childbirth and yet in at least some of the women I meet who are said (generally by others rather than by themselves) to be experiencing tocophobia, the womens fear is not really of childbirth itself, but either partly or wholly of the possibility that they will end up subject to unwanted medical intervention or iatrogenic consequences as a result of engaging with the maternity services (Wickham 2016).
After I wrote this piece, several midwives and women contacted me to share their thoughts about this lack of nuance in the way we discuss tocophobia. Even more important to some is the way in which the use of the word tocophobia see...
In most of my childbirth classes, the fear of labour pain and the fear of experiencing a perineal tear top the list of concerns. Its always a bit intimidating to wonder what could happen during labour and birth, but most women leave the classes feeling less anxious. This is because knowing the details actually helps. Why is that? Because one of the worst fears is the fear of the unknown. Its common to tear, and most tears are minor and easily treated. If you arent aware of this, the idea of tearing can be very scary.
Were all pretty much aware new mothers are facing postpartum depression at near epidemic rates. But what about fathers? Do new dads experience postpartum depression? Around 1 in 5 women will experience a postpartum mood disorder. Research has now found a link between new dads and experiences of depression and lower testosterone levels.
Its not always easy to get your brand or product out there. Companies spend billions of dollars each year trying to create adverts to draw attention to their brand. They go to great lengths to encourage people to buy their products and get people talking. Ikeas new advert has achieved all of this, thanks to its groundbreaking use of technology. The interactive magazine advert offers a discount to expectant parents who are in the market to buy a cot.
A mother who has banned her husband from bathing his daughters caused controversy last month when her post went viral on social media. The outspoken Queensland mama explained her reasoning in a Facebook post, which quickly attracted the attention of news outlets across the world. The anonymous mother wrote: So hubby is upset with me because I have told him that I dont [want him to] wash our two daughters in the bath or shower. I just dont feel comfortable for a man to do this. She went on to explain: I have said I dont have any issues with him bathing our son as well, hes a boy. I just believe that girls should be getting washed by their mothers and boys get the same from their fathers. Its just got to do with the fact that mum and daughters have the same parts, same goes for men and their sons.
In the media last month it was reported the worlds first flushable pregnancy test is due to launch later this year. The test, designed to be flushed away discreetly after use, will be the first of its kind. The home pregnancy test hasnt changed much over the past 30 years. Digital result windows have revolutionised the market in recent years, making it easier to understand the results. But the plastic stick design has stayed pretty much the same since it was first introduced. Lia Diagnostics, the company set to introduce the first flushable pregnancy test, is about to change all of that.
Push presents are often labelled as a relatively new phenomenon. But in fact women have been receiving gifts to commemorate the birth of their children for years. In the past, it was traditional to give a new mother a ring to celebrate a birth. The only difference is nowadays, rather than the gifts being about the arrival of the new baby, they are seen more as a way of celebrating the mothers achievement in growing and birthing a new baby. And if theres anything women do that deserves to be celebrated, its spending nine long months of baby-growing, followed by childbirth. Some people feel push presents are tacky. You might agree the name leaves an unpleasant taste in the mouth, but theres nothing wrong with the idea of honouring the work that goes into creating a new life.
The Skeptical Raptor, stalking pseudoscience in the internet jungle.
As I mentioned in a previous article, reading articles about vaccines leads to many tragic and heartfelt stories. But as a scientist, I have to separate the emotional aspects of a story from the science-based evidence. This post is particularly tough because this story is so devastating, that I wanted to ignore it (and have
Breastfeeding is important for the health and wellbeing of mothers and their children. There are many good reasons to continue to breastfeed; one is that breastfeeding reduces diabetes risk. Leading health organisations such as the World Health Organization recommend exclusive breastfeeding for the first 6 months. After that, it's recommended to introduce solids and continue breastfeeding for two years and beyond. Breastfeeding helps to lower levels of fats and sugars in the mothers blood. It also mobilises fat stored in the tissues, providing favourable maternal metabolic profiles. Previous research has found an association between breastfeeding and a reduced risk of maternal type II diabetes. However, this research relied on the mothers self-reporting of diabetes, rather than on a medically determined diagnosis. Also, previous research didnt control for gestational diabetes, which is a known risk factor for the development of type II diabetes. A new study has overcome these problems and here is what the research found.
By: Phil Silberman
Discussions and articles about vaccines often delve into what science is and what it is not. Vaccine promoters might accuse vaccine skeptics of being anti-science; of equating the audacity to question the safety and efficacy of vaccines with the theocratic doubting of the roundness or ancientness of the earth.
Vaccine skeptics, in turn, charge pharmaceutical enthusiasts with employing tobacco science; of using the same methods and manipulations the tobacco industry used for decades to prove their products were safe. While the analysis of data is crucial to the conversation, the game of dueling scientific studies can become tiresome. So perhaps we should probe deeper into this concept of science. What is science? How did it begin? And how does it get hijacked?
Science began, and always begins, with careful observation. The first scientists may have been prehistoric mothers who used their attentiveness to solve real problems. Their vigilant discernment enabled them to learn which plants, prepared in what fashion, caused what effects, and cured which ailments. Imagine the vastness of the collective wisdom gathered and held by those early countless generations of mothers.
Endless study and experimentation. This herb heals the skin.
That tree bark reduces pain. They didnt have fresh white
coats with pocket protectors and sterile laboratories with beeping
equipment. They did, though, possess the awesome power of intuition
and the cognitive desire to protect, to heal, and to remember.
Human knowledge did not start from zero in the 17th century. Throughout the Renaissance thousands of women were burned at the stake for the crime of being female. Sure, much was gained in science and the arts during this time, but what was lost? Women. The wise, the healers, the leaders, the sacred ones who held those countless generations of carefully accrued knowledge were lost in the flames.
Trust was also methodically destroyed. How could one trust their neighbor when the wrong words could be reported as blasphemy or an innocent question become a fatal rumor of heresy? Trust itself was persecuted. One could no longer speak without fear to a friend in the...
PMID: J Photochem Photobiol B. 2017 Dec 6 ;178:489-495. Epub 2017 Dec 6. PMID: 29232573 Abstract Title: Radioprotective effects of Silymarin on the sperm parameters of NMRI mice irradiated with-rays. Abstract: Free radicals and reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated using various endogenous systems or from external sources such as exposure to different physiochemicals. Ionizing radiation damage to the cell can be caused by the direct or indirect effects of radiotherapy processes. Silymarin (SM), a flavanolignan compound, has been identified as a natural potent antioxidant with cytoprotection activities due to scavenging free radicals. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the radioprotective effect of SM on sperm parameters of mice induced by-rays. A total number of 40 adult, male NMRI mice were randomly divided into four equal groups. The control group was neither treated with SM nor irradiated by -rays. The second group was only irradiated with 2Gy of -rays. The third group was firstly treated with 50mg/kg of SM for 7 consecutive days, and one day later, last injections were irradiated by 2Gy of -rays. The fourth groups received only 50mg/kg of SM for 7 consecutive days. All the animals were treated intraperitoneally. Histopathological and morphometrical examinations were performed. The data were analyzed using ANOVA andTukey post hoc test. A value of p
By Simone Burton
I actually forgot to share this when I got it back in 2013.
I had my first son when I was 18, and I was scared out of my brain to give birth, until an amazing friend of mine showed me her birth video and she completely changed my view on birth.
Not long after I found Birth Without Fear, and my mind was set. I was going to have a drug free natural birth, and after months and months of countless different doctors and midwives telling me I couldnt because I was too young. (??)
I had my son on the 9th of Feb 2013, born en caul naturally in the water. I had the support of my hubby and my midwives to get me through it. I had the support of this page and the power of my mind, that there was nothing to be afraid of.
My second son was born in July last year, and I really saw the power of the mind then. I couldnt lock my brain my birth zone and I struggled terribly. I managed to have another natural drug free birth, and I was defeated for a few days with how I acted, until my midwife kicked my butt and told me to kick that labours ass with the next one.
Birth Without Fear continues to inspire me and is a big drive in my life. I can still hear my husband whispering what do you have tattooed on your ribs? while I was in labour with my second.
Thank you so much January, you have seriously brought a very strong woman out of me, that I NEVER knew existed in me.
PMID: Diabetes Care. 2017 03 ;40(3):398-404. Epub 2017 Jan 17. PMID: 28096222 Abstract Title: First Infant Formula Type and Risk of Islet Autoimmunity in The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) Study. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Studies on the introduction of infant formulas and its effect on the risk of islet autoimmunity and type 1 diabetes (T1D) have yielded inconsistent results. We investigated whether the introduction of formula based on hydrolyzed cow's milk as the first formula is associated with reduced islet autoimmunity risk in a large prospective cohort.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The Environmental Determinants of Diabetes in the Young (TEDDY) study prospectively monitors 8,676 children at increased genetic risk for T1D. Autoantibodies to insulin, GAD65, and IA2 were measured regularly to define islet autoimmunity. Information on formula feeding was collected by questionnaires at 3 months of age.RESULTS: In survival analyses, after adjustment for family history with T1D, HLA genotype, sex, country, delivery mode, breast-feeding3 months, and seasonality of birth, we observed no significant association with islet autoimmunity in infants who received extensively hydrolyzed compared with nonhydrolyzed cow's milk-based formula as the first formula during the first 3 months (adjusted hazard ratio 1.38 [95% CI 0.95; 2.01]), and a significantly increased risk for extensively hydrolyzed formula introduced during the first 7 days (adjusted hazard ratio 1.57 [1.04; 2.38]). Using a partially hydrolyzed or other formula as the first formula, or no formula, was not associated with islet autoimmunity risk.CONCLUSIONS: These results add to the existing evidence that islet autoimmunity risk is not reduced, and may be increased, by using hydrolyzed compared with nonhydrolyzed cow's milk-based infant formula as the first formula in infants at increased genetic risk for T1D.
PMID: Diabetes Care. 2017 07 ;40(7):920-927. Epub 2017 May 9. PMID: 28487451 Abstract Title: Infant Feeding and Risk of Type 1 Diabetes in Two Large Scandinavian Birth Cohorts. Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to study the relation between the duration of full and any breastfeeding and risk of type 1 diabetes.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We included two population-based cohorts of children followed from birth (1996-2009) to 2014 (Denmark) or 2015 (Norway). We analyzed data from a total of 155,392 children participating in the Norwegian Mother and Child Cohort Study (MoBa) and the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC). Parents reported infant dietary practices when their child was 6 and 18 months old. The outcome was clinical type 1 diabetes, ascertained from nationwide childhood diabetes registries. Hazard ratios (HRs) were estimated using Cox regression.RESULTS: Type 1 diabetes was identified in 504 children during follow-up, and the incidence of type 1 diabetes per 100,000 person-years was 30.5 in the Norwegian cohort and 23.5 in the Danish cohort. Children who were never breastfed had a twofold increased risk of type 1 diabetes compared with those who were breastfed (HR 2.29 [95% CI 1.14-4.61] for no breastfeeding vs. any breastfeeding for12 months). Among those who were breastfed, however, the incidence of type 1 diabetes was independent of duration of both full breastfeeding (HR per month 0.99 [95% CI 0.97-1.01]) and any breastfeeding (0.97 [0.92-1.03]).CONCLUSIONS: Suggestive evidence supports the contention that breastfeeding reduces the risk of type 1 diabetes. Among those who were breastfed, however, no evidence indicated that prolonging full or any breastfeeding was associated with a reduced risk of type 1 diabetes.
New report blames elitist national party for alienating voters, and threatening the party's chances in 2020. Steering his white Dodge Ram while wearing a tan knit cap, a drab green Carhartt coat and a smear of brown livestock feed on his cheek, Terry Goodin jounced over frozen-hard mud toward his 100 head of beef cattle. "Make sure they're all four legs down and not four legs up, in this kind of weather," he told me in his southern Indiana drawl. The temperature overnight had dipped toward zero. Now, midmorning, it stood at 16 degrees. On the rear of his old pickup truck was a "Farmers For Goodin" bumper sticker, and rattling around his head were thoughts of what he was going to say the following week in a starkly different setting -- up in Indianapolis, at the regal limestone capitol building, in his introductory speech as the leader of his caucus in the state legislature. He wanted to talk about the importance of public education, affordable health care and a living wage, and the moral necessity of addressing the opioids scourge. Six days later, dressed in a sharp suit and a striped tie, he would stress those priorities -- and also deliver a declaration of identity: "I am a Democrat. I am a Democrat from rural Indiana." That Goodin, 51, who has held political office for more than 17 years, felt the need to say this out loud speaks to the divisions bedeviling the Democratic Party. A father of three and the superintendent of a 500-student school district, Goodin is the last Democrat in Indiana who represents an entirely rural area. A member of the Indiana Farm Bureau, the National Rifle Association and the Austin Church of God, he's an anti-abortion, pro-gun, self-described "Bible-poundin', aisle-runnin'" Pentecostal. This unusual profile for a Democrat makes him a species nearing extinction within the national party, but it's also the very reason he keeps getting reelected here. This paradox is why he is prominently featured in a report set to be made public Thursday by the leadership PAC of third-term congresswoman Cheri Bustos.
Even with all the admonitions to receive annual flu vaccines, which really dont protect individuals  but actually destabilize human immune systems, along with daily media reports of growing numbers of supposed influenza (flu) outbreaks, I got to wondering why that was happening and what could be involved, since Im a retired healthcare professional and consumer health researcher to this day whose curiosity prompts that something seemingly is not jiving. Was a new pandemic being trial floated? Anyway, whats going on?
From personal experience, the only time I ever contracted the flu was in 1957 when I was young, dumb, and didnt know better when I was taken and given a flu vaccine where I worked. What a disaster! I almost died twice; missed work for close to a month; had a relapse; the family doctor came to the house daily and told me never to get another flu vaccine, as the next one probably would do me in! That was the only time in my lifeand I will be 80 years young my next birthdaythat I ever had the flu! Also, Ive never had another flu shot, either.
As a result of my studies, professional practice and ongoing research, etc., Ive learned some things that most ordinary folks just dont know, e.g., dont believe the propaganda Big Pharma dispenses, as most of it is fudgedperhaps bogus consensus scienceand manufactured to their prescribed liking in order to get their products approved for licensure, especially vaccines for which manufacturers have no legal product liability or responsibilities, thanks to the U.S. Congress in 1986. Youre on your own if damaged by vaccines!
With the above caveats d...
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