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Wednesday, 18 July


Genetically Modified Babies Given Go Ahead by UK Ethics Body "IndyWatch Feed World"

The creation of babies whose DNA has been altered to give them what parents perceive to be the best chances in life has received a cautious green light in a landmark report from a leading UK ethics body.

The Nuffield Council on Bioethics said that changing the DNA of a human embryo could be morally permissible if it was in the future childs interests and did not add to the kinds of inequalities that already divide society.

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Tuesday, 17 July


5 Reasons To Have Babies Before You Turn 30, Like Kate Upton "IndyWatch Feed Nthamerica"

Sports Illustrated model Kate Upton and her husband, Houston Astros pitcher Justin Verlander, announced Saturday they are expecting their first child. Upton announced her pregnancy in an Instagram post with a hashtag and photo of herself showing a tiny baby bump. Its unclear how far along Upton is, but the 26 year-old beauty told E! News that she had been keeping the news on the down low and was excited to finally be able to share it with the world!

Instagram Photo

Even though studies have confirmed women are more likely to have their first child in their early 30s rather than in their 20s, Upton is onto something. Theres no wrong time to bear children babies truly are a blessing but research and anecdotes show women may want to consider having babies when theyre younger if they can. Here are five reasons why.

1. Your Biological Clock

Though statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show women are waiting longer to have babies many start around age 28 and later scientific findings show a womans biological clock is a real thing, and it ticks well before she hits her 30s.

Dr Charanjit Kaur is a senior consultant, obstetrician and gynecologist, in the Sukhda Hospital in South Delhi. He believes the biological clock is a reality and procrastinating isnt a good idea. The best time to have babies is of course between 20s and 30s. A woman is young and has the vigour to have babies, he told the Hindustan Times. Sadly, the scary trend I have been noticing is that women are opting for their first pregnancy at around 32-33 years.

Scientists at the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences in North Carolina and the University of Padua in Italy studied 872 healthy couples. The Daily Mail reports: They say 19 to 26-year-olds have a 50 percent chance of conceiving two days before ovulation a womans most fertile time. That drops to 40 per cent for those aged 27 to 34. Their research is the first to indicate that female fertility declines before the age of 30.

2. Birth, Recovery And Raising Children Is Easier And Healthier...


3 Natural, Evidence-Based Aphrodisiacs For Women "IndyWatch Feed Health"

3 Natural, Evidence-Based Aphrodisiacs For Women

According to the ancient Greeks, the apple represented abundance and fertility.  In some quarters, it was customary for a bride to eat an apple on her wedding night.  This was believed to ensure sexual desire, as well as fertility leading to babies.

You might think that's all a silly superstition.  But Italian researchers discovered women who eat an apple a day may in fact enjoy better sexual function.   

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Too Many Too Soon: We Were Right as Irish Scientists Find Birth Vaccination Danger Signals "IndyWatch Feed Health"

Note: My God, my God. This article should be front page news in EVERY newspaper in America. Never happen. Newborns do NOT RESPOND OPTIMALLY to vaccines. And why is this being discovered in IRELAND and not in the land of...


Who Cares? We Care Blog Growing Families

This month we are showcasing some of the supportive communities in our network, all of which offer so much to families in the UK.  Our second blog for this month comes from Lynne Barton of Entrust Care Partnership.


In 2013 our organisation was set up as a response to the aspirations expressed by families caring for children, young people and adults with disabilities, additional or specific needs. People told us that they wanted services which they could trust, which were flexible and demonstrated a warmth for those closest to them, and our three Directors all have a wealth of experience in this field. All the money that we raise provides direct services for the benefit of disabled children, young people, adults, and families.


Our regular activities include a Toddler Group in Harbury, Leamington for parents and carers and children under 5 years old; Play & Stay sessions to bring together parents and carers whose child has recently received a diagnosis or identification of a disability or additional need.  We hold these in local Childrens Centres; Disability Awareness training that we hold in partnership with Family Voice Warwickshire provided to professionals across the UK; a Life Skills Group for young adults with disabilities to support them to fulfil their goals and aspirations; Lets Get Healthy sessions covering physical activity and healthy eating during school and college holiday periods.



Woman Has 50 Pound Ovarian Cyst Removed After Doctors Ignored Her Pain Maria Pyanov CPD, CCE Page Array BellyBelly

Woman Has 50 Pound Ovarian Cyst Removed After Doctors Ignore Her Pain

This image shows a 50 pound (22.7kg) cyst, removed from a womans abdomen. Pretty confronting, isnt it? Whats even more confronting is knowing the womans doctors ignored her pain and discomfort for months. Its a narrative we hear too often: a woman goes to the doctor in pain, her symptoms are brushed off, and shes dismissed as being dramatic, needing to lose weight, or feeling anxiety. Kayla Rahn, 30, from Montgomery, Alabama, had experienced abdominal pain and unexplained weight gain for months. When she eventually sought help from a physician, she was simply told to lose weight.

Woman Has 50 Pound Ovarian Cyst Removed After Doctors Ignored Her Pain

I couldnt even walk to my car without losing my breath", Rahn said. Finally, she found help at Jackson Hospital emergency room. Her extreme pain had led to her mother taking her to Jackson Hospital where, quite literally, a huge weight was lifted from her, when Dr. Gregory Jones removed the massive ovarian cyst. Shes expected to make a full recovery.

How Can A 50 Pound Cyst Go Unnoticed?

Gynaecological conditions can easily be brushed aside by professionals as normal pain associated with periods or ovulation. Quick weight gain can be easily explained away as a result of poor eating habits or lifestyle choices, despite a woman saying otherwise. Top gynaecological specialists, however, have evidence and personal experiences to show gynaecological pain isnt normal. BellyBelly contributor and reproductive health specialist, Dr. Andrew Orr, said this about ovulation pain: As a specialist in this field of reproductive medicine and womens health, I can tell you that you arent meant to get pain. Sure, some slight bloating and a bit of pressure but not pain. Many women are conditioned to accept the urban myth that period pain is normal, when it isnt. Worse yet, severe pain can be due to cervical or ovarian cancer. Many women die each year from cancers that could be prevented or treated through early intervention. But, sadly, too many women leave it too late, thinking that pain is normal. This is by no means meant to cause panic or sensationalism. It is a very serious issue that I see every day in my practice. I...


The Real Reason Your Kids Wont Listen Maria Pyanov CPD, CCE Page Array BellyBelly

The Real Reason Your Kids Wont Listen

Most parents spend a lot of time wondering why their kids wont listen. Are they doing it deliberately? Do they need their hearing checked? What's going on with kids these days? As a mama to five, I do my fair share of struggling to get my children to listen. Since having my youngest, Ive also been thrown into the world of physical and occupational therapy. My mind has been absolutely blown by the intricate relationship between childrens opportunity for movement and their behaviour. Our modern parenting styles might be interfering with our children getting the level of movement they need to develop the ability to concentrate and listen to directions.

The Real Reason Your Kids Wont Listen

As a child who grew up in the 80s and 90s, I spent quite a bit of time outside. There were hours of child directed play and exploring the outdoors. Apart from parents pointing out when something was legitimately dangerous, safety on the playground wasnt a major concern. Today, things are very different.

How Dont Do That, Youll Fall! Is Affecting Our Childrens Development

My youngest child was born at 31 weeks and had a congenital birth defect that required surgery. In her early months she was quite docile, and had a fairly significant motor delay. Despite her motor difficulties, I made a point not only of allowing but encouraging her to take risks. Why? Because without big movement kids cant properly develop their proprioceptive and vestibular senses, which are vital to concentration and learning. Experiencing a motor delay just in the first 9 months of her life affected my daughter's vestibular and proprioceptive systems. Fortunately, therapy is a massive help and were working on overcoming the difficulties. The very interesting thing, however, is these systems are not only affected in children with motor delays. The majority of children in modern westernised cultures are deprived of adequate time for big motor play and discouraged from risk taking. My daughter wears a cranial helmet, because of a congenital misshapen skull, and because she is prone to stumbling.  I still encourage her to ta...


Effect of dandelion extracts on the proliferation of ovarian granulosa cells and expression of hormone receptors. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  Chin Med J (Engl). 2018 Jul 20 ;131(14):1694-1701. PMID: 29998889 Abstract Title:  Effect of Dandelion Extracts on the Proliferation of Ovarian Granulosa Cells and Expression of Hormone Receptors. Abstract:  Background: In the current society, infertility related to age has become a social problem. The in vitro fertilization (IVF) success rate in women with poor ovarian response (POR) is very low. Dandelion extract T-1 (DE-T1) is an effective component of the extract from the leaves and stems of Taraxacum officinale, which is one of the medicines used in some patients with POR, but its molecular mechanism remains unclear.Methods: Following IVF, ovarian granulosa cells (GCs) of sixty patients were extracted and divided into normal ovarian response (NOR) and POR groups. GCs were cultured in a dose-dependent and time-dependent manner with DE-T1, proliferation of GCs was determined by Cell Counting Kit-8 assay, and mRNA levels of insulin-like growth factor 1 receptor (IGF-1R), luteotropic hormone receptor (LHR), follicle-stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), LHR, and CYP19A1 (aromatase) were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Progesterone and estradiol (E2) concentrations were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: The cell viability gradually increased with the progressive increase in the DE-T1 concentration. Compared with the control group (without DE-T1), the mRNA expressions of FSHR, LHR, IGF-1R, and CYP19A1 were upregulated after the addition of DE-T1, especially in the 2.5% DE-T1 group (P

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UK ethics body says gene-edited babies may be 'morally permissible' - Thomson Reuters Foundation "IndyWatch Feed World"

UK ethics body says gene-edited babies may be 'morally permissible'Thomson Reuters FoundationLONDON, July 17 (Reuters) - The use of gene editing technologies to alter the DNA of human embryos could be morally permissible as long as the science and its impact on society is carefully considered, a British ethics panel said on Tuesday. Experts ...and more 


Cruciferous vegetable intake could influence breast cancer risk. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  Curr Dev Nutr. 2017 Aug ;1(8):e000448. Epub 2017 Jul 18. PMID: 29955715 Abstract Title:  Trends in Cruciferous Vegetable Consumption and Associations with Breast Cancer Risk: A Case-Control Study. Abstract:  The chemopreventive activities of cruciferous vegetables were recognized in the early 1990s, followed by a growth of evidence in various cancer models, including breast cancer. To our knowledge, no studies have examined whether consumption of cruciferous vegetables has changed accordingly, and what impact, if any, on breast cancer risk may have resulted.The time trend in cruciferous vegetable intake was investigated between 1982 and 1998, and its associations with breast cancer risk were examined.In a hospital-based case-control study in 1491 patients with breast cancer and 1482 controls, loess curves were constructed to describe the relation between median consumption of cruciferous vegetables and year of admission. ORs and 95% CIs were calculated with unconditional logistic regression, adjusting for age, year of admission, family income, body mass index, cigarette smoking, age at menarche, parity, age at first birth, family history of breast cancer, hormone replacement therapy, and total meat intake.Consumption patterns differed between cases and controls. A slow but steady increase in cruciferous vegetable intake was observed in the cases, although among controls, cruciferous vegetable consumption increased from 1982 to 1987, reached a plateau during 1988-1992, and then declined from 1993 to 1998. Accordingly, although an overall inverse association with breast cancer risk was observed for cruciferous vegetable intake (highest compared with lowest quartile-OR: 0.68; 95% CI: 0.55, 0.86;-trend = 0.0006), the inverse association tended to be more pronounced within more recent-year strata, with an OR of 0.52 (95% CI: 0.33, 0.83) for 1993-1998 compared with an OR of 0.89 (95% CI: 0.64, 1.23) for 1982-1987.The consumption of cruciferous vegetables increased during the past 2 decades, showing different trends in cases and controls. The subtle but sustained increase in cruciferous vegetable intake reported by the cases could influence association studies with breast cancer risk.

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Unraveling molecular targets of bisphenol A and S in the thyroid gland. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2018 Jul 13. Epub 2018 Jul 13. PMID: 30006815 Abstract Title:  Unraveling molecular targets of bisphenol A and S in the thyroid gland. Abstract:  Bisphenol A (BPA) is a well-known endocrine disruptor with several effects on reproduction, development, and cancer incidence, and it is highly used in the plastic industry. Bisphenol S (BPS) was proposed as an alternative to BPA since it has a similar structure and can be used to manufacture the same products. Some reports show that BPA interferes with thyroid function, but little is known about the involvement of BPS in thyroid function or how these molecules could possibly modulate at the same time the principal genes involved in thyroid physiology. Thus, the aims of this work were to evaluate in silico the possible interactions of BPA and BPS with the thyroid transcription factors Pax 8 and TTF1 and to study the actions in vivo of these compounds in zebrafish thyroid gene expression. Adult zebrafish treated with BPA or BPS showed that sodium iodide symporter, thyroglobulin, and thyroperoxidase genes were negatively or positively regulated, depending on the dose of the exposure. Human Pax 8 alignment with zebrafish Pax 8 and Rattus norvegicus TTF1 alignment with zebrafish TTF1 displayed highly conserved regions in the DNA binding sites. Molecular docking revealed the in silico interactions between the protein targets Pax 8 and TTF1 with BPA and BPS. Importance of some amino acids residues is highlighted and ratified by literature. There were no differences between the mean energy values for BPA docking in Pax 8 or TTF1. However, BPS energy values were lower in TTF1 docking compared to Pax 8 values. The number of amino acids on the protein interface was important for Pax 8 but not for TTF1. The main BPA interactions with proteins occurred through Van der Waals forces and pi-alkyl and alkyl interactions, while BPS interactions mainly occurred through carbon hydrogen bonds and conventional hydrogen bonds in addition to Van der Waals forces and pi-alkyl interactions. These data point to a possible interaction of BPA and BPS with Pax 8 and TTF1.

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Doulas, Creating Global Change Midwifery Today

Doula Hardy Baker shares her philosophy that a doula-midwife team can create the most powerfully supportive experience for the birthing woman.

The post Doulas, Creating Global Change appeared first on Midwifery Today.


Tea Partier Or Constitutional Conservative? Republican Lt. Gov. Candidate Owns Partys Right Flank "IndyWatch Feed Health"

He once championed a bill to stop the state from requiring the addition of fluoride to the public drinking water supply unconvinced of the efficacy of the decades-long practice.

He would eliminate the state Commission on Human Rights and Opportunities, open up juvenile court proceedings to the public and establish a state holiday for Ronald Reagans Feb. 6 birthday.

And when all public and private universities in the state were required to adhere to a yes means yes sexual consent law in 2016, he cast the lone vote against the measure in the state Senate and said it was a government overreach into the bedroom.

Now, this dogmatic conservative could be one heartbeat away from being governor, not of Texas or Indiana, but Connecticut: Joe Markley.

The veteran state senator from Southington is a clear favorite to win the Republican nomination for lieutenant governor next month in a three-way primary after nabbing the partys endorsement at its May convention.

Markley was asked Wednesday night why he wants the job during a constituent town hall, where he apologetically arrived 25 minutes late and left a half-hour early in between political stops.

I want to elect a Republican and I want to hold him to our principles, Markley said of a potential partnership with one of the five GOP candidates for governor.

Lawmakers on both sides of the aisle termed Markley, 61, who returned to the Senate in 2011 after a 24-year hiatus, as an affable and bright colleague.

But Democrats and more traditional moderate Republicans say that the right wing agenda of the Amherst College and Columbia University-educated Markley does not comport with the views of most voters in blue Connecticut.

He was the tea party before the tea party was fashionable, said Senate Majority Leader Bob Duff, a Democrat from Norwalk. Heck of a nice guy. We get along fine personally. We just dont agree on much.

Bob MacGuffie, a tea party stalwart from Fairfield, said the Republican base knows that Markley wont sell out.

Hes a constitutional conservative, MacGuffie said. I think hed be a very steady oar in the water for the state. Hes a realist. He calls it as it is all the time.

The lieutenant governor of Connecticut wields tremendous power, especially when it comes to breaking ties in the state Senate, where the No. 2 officeholder serves as president of the chamber.

Once upon a time, it was the deciding vote on the passage of the state income tax, Markley told about 35 constituents Wednesday night at the Southington Municipal Center.



Resveratrol protects spermatological parameters and DNA damage from glyphosate. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  Andrologia. 2018 May 14:e13036. Epub 2018 May 14. PMID: 29761542 Abstract Title:  Ameliorative effect of resveratrol on testicular oxidative stress, spermatological parameters and DNA damage in glyphosate-based herbicide-exposed rats. Abstract:  In this study, the reproductive impacts of being exposed to glyphosate (GLF) and the protective impacts of resveratrol (RES) were assessed in 28 Wistar male rats, which were equally separated into four groups. Control group were fed normal diet without GLF or RES, group II received normal feed containing 20 mg kgdailyRES, group III received normal feed containing 375 mg kgdailyGLF, and group IV received normal feed containing 375 mg kgdailyGLF+20 mg kgdailyRES. GLF administration decreased sperm motility, sperm plasma membrane integrity, glutathione level and superoxide dismutase in the testicular tissue of rats. On the other hand, abnormal sperm rate, malondialdehyde level, and DNA damage were detected to be high in the group treated with GLF. The findings indicate that RES protects spermatological parameters and DNA damage, decreases GLF-induced lipid peroxidation, improves the antioxidant defence mechanism and regenerates tissue damage in the testis of rats.

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Is the HPV Vaccination Preventing Pregnancy? "IndyWatch Feed Health"

Is the HPV Vaccination Preventing Pregnancy?

The data say yes: yet the FDA might approve the vaccine for adults. Action Alert!

new study shows that women aged 25-29 who received the HPV vaccine have a lower probability of becoming pregnant. This is just the latest in a stream of evidence that points to the dangers of the HPV vaccine, particularly to those already infected with the virusyet the FDA is considering a request from Merck to expand the population to whom the vaccine can be marketed. If the request is granted, it would be another example of how the agency sells out consumers for the benefit of the vaccine industry.

In addition to the study on the HPV vaccine preventing pregnancies, the governments vaccine adverse event reporting system (VAERS) lists a startling 57,287 adverse events from the vaccine, including 419 deathsfar more than any other vaccine. A World Health Organization study demonstrated that the vaccination has a tendency to produce clusters of serious adverse events. The American College of Pediatricians raised concerns that the vaccine could be li...


Perinatal exposure to a glyphosate-based herbicide impairs female reproductive outcomes and induces second-generation adverse effects. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  Arch Toxicol. 2018 Jun 9. Epub 2018 Jun 9. PMID: 29947892 Abstract Title:  Perinatal exposure to a glyphosate-based herbicide impairs female reproductive outcomes and induces second-generation adverse effects in Wistar rats. Abstract:  Glyphosate-based herbicides (GBHs) are the most globally used herbicides raising the risk of environmental exposition. Here, we investigated whether perinatal exposure to low doses of a GBH alters the female reproductive performance, and/or induced second-generation effects related to congenital anomalies or growth alterations. Pregnant rats (F0) received a GBH through food, in a dose of 2 mg (GBH-LD: GBH-low dose group) or 200 mg (GBH-HD: GBH-high dose group) of glyphosate/kg bw/day from gestational day (GD) 9 until weaning. Body weight gain and vaginal canal-opening of F1 females were recorded. Sexually mature F1 females were mated to evaluate their reproductive performance by assessing the pregnancy rate, and on GD19, the number of corpora lutea, the implantation sites (IS) and resorption sites. To analyze second-generation effects on F2 offspring, we analyzed the fetal morphology on GD19, and assessed the fetal length and weight, and the placental weight. GBH exposure neither altered the body weight gain of F1 females, nor vaginal opening onset. Although all GBH-exposed F1 rats became pregnant, a lower number of IS was detected. F2 offspring from both GBH groups showed delayed growth, evidenced by lower fetal weight and length, associated with a higher incidence ofsmall for gestational age fetuses. In addition, higher placental weight and placental index were found in F2 offspring from GBH-HD dams. Surprisingly, structural congenital anomalies (conjoined fetuses and abnormally developed limbs) were detected in the F2 offspring from GBH-HD group. In conclusion, perinatal exposure to low doses of a GBH impaired female reproductive performance and induced fetal growth retardation and structural congenital anomalies in F2 offspring.

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Lebanon: Exonerated Actor Details Torture "IndyWatch Feed World"

(HRW) Zaid Itani, the well-known actor exonerated of spying for Israel, has described in detail his forced disappearance in Lebanon and torture in detention, Human Rights Watch said today. On May 29, 2018, military investigative judge, Riad Abu Ghaida, closed the case against Itani and charged two people with falsely accusing him. Itani was released without bail on March 13. Lebanese authorities should conduct a thorough and impartial investigation of Itanis allegations of forced disappearance and torture at the hands of State Security, Human Rights Watch said.

Zaid Itani


Itani told Human Rights Watch in March that after his arrest in November 2017, he was held in what may have been an informal detention center where men in civilian clothing beat him repeatedly, tied him in a stress position, hung him by his wrists, kicked him in the face, threatened to rape him, and threatened his family with physical violence and legal charges. Details of the investigation were leaked to the media within a day of his arrest, and Itani said interrogators, reportedly from State Security, used the damage to his reputation to put additional pressure on him to confess. Lebanese authorities should investigate how details of the investigation leaked to the media, Human Rights Watch said.

Itanis allegations of torture and disappearance demand a thorough investigation into his treatment in detention and why he was arrested in the first place, said Lama Fakih, deputy Middle East director at Human Rights Watch. If Itani was indeed framed, then this was a massive miscarriage of justice, and authorities should guarantee that this can never happen again.

Itani said that he was held for six days in what appeared to be an unofficial detention site, where men in civilian clothing tortured him until he signed a confession, and only then turned him over to the military court.

Local media reported that the former head of the Internal Security Forces cyber-crimes bureau, Suzan Hobeiche, and a hacker Elie Ghabash, were charged with falsely accusing Itani under article 403 of Lebanons penal code, and face up to 10 years in prison. Ghabash has also been accused of fabricating...

Monday, 16 July


22 Women Share $4 Billion Johnson & Johnson Penalty. Thousands of Autism Mothers Told to Take a Powder. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

And the product is still on the shelves. Did you ever get a true informed consent WARNING that the vaccines you were giving your children had ANY threat of danger? I did not. I have my signed in hospital birth...


They Jumped To Their Demise From 10 Stories Up, All Because Of A Teenage Suicide Game "IndyWatch Feed Nthamerica"


Russia is known for a lot of things; vodka, the Kremlin, Matryoshka dolls and even former KGB member turned Prime Minister, Vladimir Putin. But lately, there has been something much more concerning that has been highly popular with Russias teenagers, the Blue Whale Suicide Game. And its as alarming as it sounds. Find out how one Russian citizen has not only managed to put an entire generation in danger, but even scarier, the game has been spreading around the world like wildfire. Is the game just a myth, or the actual truth?

Read on and decide for yourself.

The New World


Parenting these days has had a dramatic change over the last few decades. With the introduction of the Internet, social media and a number of gadgets, kids these days are now privy to an entirely different, and at times, vexing new world.


Introducing Solids Early Wont Help Your Baby Sleep Better Renee Kam IBCLC Page Array BellyBelly

Introducing Solids Early Wont Help Your Baby Sleep Better

New parents often wonder whether introducing solids early will help their baby sleep longer. There is a common belief that solid food or formula top up feeds can help to 'fill' babies and this might increase the time a baby sleeps in one go. But is this true? Despite new research suggesting that introducing babies to solids early helps them sleep better, most of the research published on this topic actually suggests the opposite.

Introducing Solids Early Wont Help Your Baby Sleep Better

Australias National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC), Americas Academy of Pediatrics and the World Health Organization all recommend exclusive breastfeeding for 6 months (or around 6 months) and then for solids to be introduced while breastfeeding continues for at least one year. These organisations are made up of a team of world leading experts who have taken all the available evidence into account to make these recommendations.

Does Solid Food Help Babies Sleep Longer?

Research shows almost 80% of babies between 6-12 months regularly wake at least once each night. No difference in night wakings was found between mothers who breastfeed and those who formula feed. It also found giving babies more milk or solid feeds in the day didnt reduce the need for parents to attend to them during the night. In addition, a 1989 study found adding rice cereal to a babys bottle before bed did not make 4 month old babies sleep any longer at nig...


Electronic Fetal Monitoring In Labour Increases Risk Of C-Section Sam McCulloch Dip CBEd Page Array BellyBelly

Electronic Fetal Monitoring In Labour Increases Risk Of C-Section

Electronic fetal monitoring in labour is a routine practice in most countries such as the US, UK and Australia. Many women would be surprised to know there is no evidence to support the use of this form of monitoring. Even more surprising is the link between the use of electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) and c-section birth.

Electronic Fetal Monitoring In Labour Increases Risk Of C-Section

The evidence for the effects of EFM and the link with c-section has been around for three decades. Very few pregnant women are aware of the link, or the lack of support for the use of EFM during labour.

What Is EFM?

Electronic fetal monitoring (EFM) uses special equipment to measure the fetal heart rate response to contractions during labour. EFM provides a continuous record which can be read at the time of labour and kept afterwards. There two types of EFM external and internal. External EFM involves two belts wrapped around your belly, to measure the length of contractions and the time between them, as well as to detect your babys heart rate. Internal EFM involves placing a wire called an electrode on your babys scalp. The electrode records the baby's heart rate. A special tube called an intrauterine pressure catheter can be inserted through your vagina and into the uterus to monitor contractions. Internal EFM is only possible after your amniotic sac has broken, which might be done artificially. EFM provides a print out, or electronic recording, of the fetal heart rate and the mothers contractions together. The monitor looks at the baseline fetal heart rate and how its affected by contractions. It records any increases in heart rate (accelerations), any decreases (decelerations), and also checks the frequency and length of maternal contractions. You can read more about this in Baby's Heart Rate During Labour - What's Normal And What's Not. The EFM recording is reviewed at set times by your care provider, m...


7 Reasons Why You Shouldnt Comment On The Size Of Her Bump Fiona Peacock Page Array BellyBelly

7 Reasons Why You Shouldn't Comment On The Size Of Her Bump

Wouldnt it be nice to live in a world where this article was unnecessary? A world where people didnt comment on women's bodies pregnant or otherwise. A world where women were able to enjoy their pregnancies, free from the judgemental eyes of society. A world where womens bodies were simply accepted and celebrated instead of compared and criticised. Sadly though, we dont live in that world. Not yet, anyway. We can create that kind of world though, by taking the first step and stopping ourselves from commenting on the size of the bumps of the pregnant women we encounter.

7 Reasons Why You Shouldn't Comment On The Size Of Her Bump

You shouldnt comment on the size of any pregnant woman's bump. I know, its right there and you cant help noticing it, but that doesnt mean you need to voice your thoughts. You probably dont mean anything by it. Youre probably just trying to fill the silence, chattering away about pregnancy and life without really stopping to think what youre saying. Perhaps you dont even realise what youve said. You just skip away happily at the end of the conversation and get on with your day. You wont lie awake at night thinking about it but she might. Here are 7 reasons why you shouldnt comment on the size of her bump:

#1: Its Rude

Isnt it obvious? It is incredibly rude to greet people by commenting on their size. Would you do that to a friend who had put on weight over Christmas? Youd hope not. It might be a shock when you see a friend who suddenly looks pregnant and totally different, but the world would be a happier place if you could keep those thoughts to yourself instead of saying them aloud. Yes, she is pregnant and yes, she has a bump. It might not be exactly the same shape or size as other bumps you have seen, but there is no need to comment on it. You wouldnt point out that she has a big spot on her chin or one of her boobs is bigger than the other, so dont comment on her bump either. It's just as rude.

#2: She Has Enough To Worry About

Even a straightforward pregnancy can leave a mum-to-be feeling weighed down by worry. There is a lot to organise before t...


The Rhombus of Michaelis sarawickham

Midwives often talk about how we can re-collect the kinds of knowledge which were held by our predecessors who attended births before they were taken over by medicalisation and moved out of the home environment.  Occasionally, somebody discovers knowledge which is both old and new, recognises its implications, and this becomes their passion. Such was the case with Jean Sutton and the rhombus of Michaelis, an area of the lower back which plays a key role in physiological birth. Much of this article is based on a discussion / interview with Jean which took place during August 2002; her words are in italics. Much of it is still just as relevant today.

Before we get into the finer details of what Jean affectionately calls the rhombus, I should add that part of the point in writing about this is that this is the kind of knowledge that some midwives will see as very obvious; they will have read about it before (e.g. Sutton 2000), heard Jean speak, visited her website or be independently aware of this feature of birthing bodies. They might be surprised that anyone feels the need to write about it again. Yet others will not have heard of the rhombus of Michaelis or of the difference that their knowing about this can make to the women they attend. Such has been my experience in talking to midwives about this kind of experiential / physiological knowledge or, as Jean calls it, womens wisdom.  What seems obvious to one midwife will be news to another.


So where is this rhombus, and what does it do?

In Jeans words, The rhombus of Michaelis (sometimes called the quadrilateral of Michaelis) i...


7 False Rumours About Toddlers Fiona Peacock Page Array BellyBelly

7 Untrue Things People Think About Toddlers

There are lots of false rumours about toddlers. They are so misunderstood. Toddlers are stereotyped as tiny tyrants who cause trouble for fun. I mean, sure, they do that some of the time, but its certainly not their full-time job. Toddlers are unpredictable, wild, beautiful creatures. They can fill your heart with love and drive you crazy all at the same time. They are still tiny enough to get away with things, but are developed enough to know their own mind and this is a good thing, until you try to leave the house in a hurry.

7 False Rumours About Toddlers

There are plenty of false rumours about toddlers. And plenty of opinions about how best to parent them. In fact, as soon as you have a toddler, you will discover every person youve ever met is an expert on all things toddler, and they know exactly what your toddler needs at any given time. Unfortunately, a lot of these people talk nonsense. In fact, they are probably telling you old wives tales. To help you ignore the nonsense, here are 7 totally untrue things people say about toddlers:

#1: You Need Pinterest To Entertain Them

Nope, that doesnt mean there are benches of toddlers, sitting in otherwise empty playgrounds, busily adding things to their Pinterest accounts. But you could be forgiven for thinking toddlers require a lot of effort to keep them entertained. Social media is full of helpful suggestions: you could make your own moon sand, you could dye some spaghetti pink, you could freeze some toy dinosaurs, or you could, well, you could do it all really, couldnt you? If you wanted to. But the important thing is you dont need to. Your toddlers wont suffer or remember a childhood of neglect if youre not a Pinterest mum. Really. Theyll grow up just fine anyway.

#2: Toddlers Are Naughty

This idea of naughty or bad toddlers is very unfair and makes parenting more difficult. Parenting a toddler isnt easy. There are lots of big emotions and daily struggles that need to be carefully navigated together. And sometimes there will be tantrums. Tantrums are hard enough to deal with without the entire...


10 Questions You Cant Avoid When Youre Pregnant Fiona Peacock Page Array BellyBelly

10 Questions You Can't Escape From When You're Pregnant

Youre newly pregnant and desperate to share the news. You find yourself longing to talk about the pregnancy. Twelve weeks can feel like a long time to keep your secret especially when youre bursting with excitement and desperate to shout it from the rooftops. In hindsight, once baby has arrived, you might realise those early weeks were a break from the monotony of being asked questions.

10 Questions You Can't Avoid When You're Pregnant

Theres a seemingly endless number of pregnancy questions strangers, friends and family just have to know the answers to. As soon as you share the news and start to show, you will spend all of your time fielding these questions. Youll probably have to quit your job to free up some time so you can actually answer, over and over again, the same ten questions. Here are the offending questions. Let us know if weve left any off the list:

#1: When Are You Due?

This question totally ignores something every single one of us knows: due dates are completely useless. About 3-5% of babies arrive on their due date. That means your baby has more chance of arriving on the back of a glittery, coloured unicorn than on the due date. You might tell yourself youre not going to get hung up on the due date. Youll think of it more as a due month, and be totally relaxed about when your baby chooses to arrive. But when you get asked about your due date six times a day for months and months, its pretty hard not to obsess about the date.

#2: Do You Know What Youre Having?

Yep,  I do. A really terrible case of morning sickness. Just kidding. Im having a lot of heartburn. Ha, no, it s really constipation. Oh, you meant what am I having? Sure. A dinosaur. No, a purple dog. Or a bright green spotted dragon with huge talons and a love of disco music. OK, fine. Im having a baby. At least I hope so. Yes, Im having a baby, so stop asking me stupid questions, Denise. No, sorry, I dont k...


SIDS And Safe Sleep How Safe Is Your Baby? Maria Pyanov CPD, CCE Page Array BellyBelly

SIDS And Safe Sleep How Safe Is Your Baby?

Safety and sleep. They are the two major priorities for new parents. All parents want to do everything they can to keep their little ones safe. But new parents are also desperate to get adequate rest. As parents, we can't avoiding thinking about the risks of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), accidental suffocation, and strangulation. From the moment you announce you're pregnant, you're told over and over again: babies need to be placed on their backs to sleep. Yes. We should place babies on their backs to sleep. And we shouldnt use pillows, thick blankets, or bumpers.

SIDS And Safe Sleep How Safe Is Your Baby?

In spite of this, one study found 91% of study participants placed their 1 month old infants in unsafe sleeping situations. The recommendations tell parents to put babies on their back to sleep. Yet new parents also see the sleep positioners, and the cute bedding accessories, and are given stuffed animals and other lovies. These are mixed messages, and they have clearly led many parents to put babies into unsafe sleeping situations.

Isnt SIDS Rare And Without A Known Cause?

SIDS, suffocation, and strangulation are different things. They are closely related, however, because safe sleep practices reduce the risk of all three. Accidental suffocation and strangulation occur when an infants airway is blocked or compromised. SIDS is when a seemingly healthy baby under the age of one dies without an explainable cause. SIDS is sometimes called crib or cot death because thats where babies are often discovered. The exact cause of SIDS is still unknown, and there several theories currently being explored. We do know, however, that safe sleep practices, breastfeeding, and being in close proximity to a caregiver can reduce the risk of SIDS death. In the US, approximately 1500 infants die due to SIDS every year. An additional 840 infants die as a result of accidental suffocation or strangulation. The biggest risk is during the first 6 months of life.

How Did Study Participants Put Their Babies At Risk...


Should Breastfeeding Be Taught In Schools? Sam McCulloch Dip CBEd Page Array BellyBelly

Should Breastfeeding Be Taught In Schools?

British medical experts are recommending children be taught about breastfeeding in schools. This is being done in a bid to encourage more women to breastfeed from birth and beyond. Data published in general medical journal The Lancet shows the UK has one of the worst breastfeeding rates in the world. Less than 35% of UK babies are still breastfed at six months, compared with almost 50% in the US and 71% in Norway.

Should Breastfeeding Be Taught In Schools?

The UK is a high income country with access to quality health services and education. Even so, by the age of 12 months, only 0.5% of British babies are still breastfed. The Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health (RCPCH) believes its new guidelines will help to encourage women to continue breastfeeding after birth.

Why Do Women Stop Breastfeeding?

There are many reasons why women dont continue to breastfeed. On the whole, however, lack of support is often the biggest culprit. We spend a lot of time telling women they should breastfeed, and a lot less time actually supporting them in doing so. A small percentage of women are physically unable to breastfeed, due to medical conditions. A much greater percentage of new mothers struggle with establishing breastfeeding after birth, and find it more difficult than they expected. Among other factors, incorrect latch and repeated bouts of thrush or mastitis can contribute to further problems. When they have little support or experience problems finding the right support, its no wonder women eventually decide not to continue. Our social thinking also has a significant impact on breastfeeding rates. Almost 30% of the UK population still think women shouldnt breastfeed in public. A poll carried out by Public Health Englands parenting advice service, Start4Life, found one in five women believed people didnt want to see them breastfeed in public. One in 10 women who chose not to breastfeed their babies had been influenced by their anxiety about doi...


22 Mind-Blowing Photographs Revealing the Stages of Life Before A Child Is Born "IndyWatch Feed World"

It is one of the most amazing feats the human body has proven capable of achieving, the creation of another living being. While we watch and marvel from the outside, taking photographs of the growth of our baby bumps and debating topics like doulas and birth plans, a true miracle is occurring right below our noses.

It is this very miracle that Swedish photographer Lennart Nilsson (1922 2017) aimed to capture when he took his first black and white photos in 1957, using his talent for photography to document the process of creation from conception to birth. As technology advanced, so too did the ability to take better quality, more realistic photographs. This led Nilsson to repeat the process again in 1965, this time taking unbelievably clear, detailed color photos that have captivated people the world over.

In fact, these very photographs captured the attention of LIFE magazine, with his photograph of an 18-week-old human fetus appearing on the cover of the April 30, 1965 issue. In the associated article, TIME wrote: Ten years ago, a Swedish photographer named Lennart Nilsson told us that he was going to photograph in color the stages of human reproduction from fertilization to just before birth. It was impossible for us not to express a degree of skepticism about his chances of success, but this was lost on Nilsson. He simply said, When Ive finished the story, Ill bring it to you. Lennart kept his promise. He flew into New York from Stockholm and brought us the strangely beautiful and scientifically unique color essay in this issue.

Nilsson used wide-angled optics and specialized macro-lenses, capturing embryos and fetuses in ground-breaking in utero photography that would be immortalized for years to come. They were images that the world had never before seen.

The first job I did for [LIFE] on an exclusive basis was when Dag Hammarskjold was elected UN Secretary General in 1952. I traveled to New York with him and photographed the newly installed Secretary General in his office in the 38th floor in the UN Building, Nilsson told interviewers. I had my first embryo pictures along with me on that trip. Unbelievable! they said at LIFE. I thought so, too! But I didnt know anything about the development o the fetus and had to learn from scratch. But they were incredibly enthusiastic at LIFE and twelve years later, in 1965, they published their big story on human reproduction.

Check out these 22 mind-blowing photographs by Lennart Nilsson:...

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