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Tuesday, 22 May

17:28

Inducing Labour Before C-Section To Help Breastfeeding Sam McCulloch Dip CBEd Page Array BellyBelly

Inducing Labour To Help Breastfeeding After C-Section

A Swiss research project is currently looking at how inducing labour before c-section might help mothers to initiate breastfeeding. Studies show mothers who give birth via elective c-section are more likely to experience breastfeeding initiation difficulties compared with women who birth spontaneously.

Inducing Labour Before C-Section To Help Breastfeeding

Only a very small percentage of women have elective c-sections, compared with the increasing rate of surgery that takes place after labour has already begun (known as emergency c-section). In most cases, an elective c-section occurs at the mother's request, because the baby is at risk and needs to be born ahead of time, or because there is a risk to the health of the mother. Elective c-section is not without risk and should certainly be considered carefully. Inducing labour beforehand can be of some benefit, but does it really promote breastfeeding initiation?

What Promotes Breastmilk Production?

In the simplest terms, it doesnt matter whether a baby is born vaginally or via surgery a mothers body will produce breastmilk when the placenta is no longer present. Typically, in the last months of pregnancy, a womans breasts make colostrum, the first milk. One of the placentas main roles is to produce high levels of progesterone, which in turn puts milk secretion and volume on hold. When the placenta is expelled, progesterone levels drop dramatically and prolactin levels stay high; this causes milk production to begin. Milk production occurs in the first days after birth, before a womans milk comes in. The process is driven by hormones, regardless of whether breastfeeding occurs or not. After this stage, when milk is removed from the breast, what is known as the supply-demand process of breastfeeding continues. After birth, however, breastfeeding has to be initiated. A newborn baby will survive on colostrum until his mothers milk comes in but a mother must want to breastfeed if that is to happen.

What...

05:41

A mindfulness-based stress reduction program might have beneficial effects on early stages of wound healing. "IndyWatch Feed Health"

PMID:  J Behav Med. 2018 Jun ;41(3):385-397. Epub 2017 Nov 20. PMID: 29159589 Abstract Title:  The effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction on wound healing: a preliminary study. Abstract:  Psychological factors have been shown to influence the process of wound healing. This study examined the effect of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on the speed of wound healing. The local production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and growth factors was studied as potential underlying mechanism. Forty-nine adults were randomly allocated to a waiting-list control group (n = 26) or an 8-week MBSR group (n = 23). Pre- and post-intervention/waiting period assessment for both groups consisted of questionnaires. Standardized skin wounds were induced on the forearm using a suction blister method. Primary outcomes were skin permeability and reduction in wound size monitored once a day at day 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, and 10 after injury. Secondary outcomes were cytokines and growth factors and were measured in wound exudates obtained at 3, 6, and 22 h after wounding. Although there was no overall condition effect on skin permeability or wound size, post hoc analyses indicated that larger increases in mindfulness were related to greater reductions in skin permeability 3 and 4 days after wound induction. In addition, MBSR was associated with lower levels of interleukin (IL)-8 and placental growth factor in the wound fluid 22 h after wound induction. These outcomes suggest that increasing mindfulness by MBSR might have beneficial effects on early stages of wound healing. Trial Registration NTR3652, http://www.trialregister.nl.

read more

05:40

Life Loving Down Syndrome Man Urges Ireland To Vote Against Abortion "IndyWatch Feed World"

A man with Down Syndrome, who proclaims that he loves his life, features in a new advertisement urging his fellow Irish citizens to vote to retain the 8th Amendment which protects babies like him from [...]

The post Life Loving Down Syndrome Man Urges Ireland To Vote Against Abortion appeared first on Your News Wire.

05:25

Aluminum Vaccine Adjuvants Linked to Autism Behavior in Mice Study "IndyWatch Feed Health"

Aluminum Vaccine Adjuvants Linked to Autism Behavior in Mice Study

By Brandon TurbevilleNatural Blaze

Vaccine Nazis and Big Pharma are having a bad science year. As more and more non-industry-funded studies are conducted regarding the safety and effectiveness of vaccines, Big Pharma and its storm troopers are proven more and more to have been bullying and propagandizing the general public to inject harmful and largely useless substances into their bodies for decades.

Recently, I wrote an article regarding a study that was conducted in 2016 demonstrating that aluminum adjuvants in vaccines caused neuroinflammation and autoimmune reactions as well as subsequent behavioral changes in mice.

Now, however, a study conducted in April, 2018 entitled Is exposure to aluminium adjuvants associated with social impairments in mice? A pilot study, and published in the Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry, has demonstrated a link between aluminum adjuvants and Autism Spectrum Disorder.

...

01:25

The Healing Arts: A Man Mid-Wife. "IndyWatch Feed Nthamerica"

An interesting piece, addressing what was a great controversy, with people hotly on one side or another, as male physicians encroached on the world of childbirth. Additional information and sources under the image. Click for full size.

A Man Mid-Wife, Isaac Cruikshank, Etching coloured, 1793. Subject: John Blunt (pseud. S.W. Fores), Midwives, Surgical Instruments, Forceps.

A Man Mid-Wife, Isaac Cruikshank, Etching coloured, 1793. Subject: John Blunt (pseud. S.W. Fores), Midwives, Surgical Instruments, Forceps.

The text reads:

A Man-Mid-Wife, or a newly discoverd animal, not Known in Buffons time; for a more full description or this monster, see, an ingenious book, lately published, price 3/6 entitled Man-Midwifery dissected, containing a variety of well-authenticated cases elucidating this animals Propensities to cruelty & indecency sold by the publisher of this Print who has presented the author with the above [illustration] for the Frontispiece to his Book.

From the same source:

Summary

This etching illustrated a book criticizing (male) physician birth attendantsman midwivestodays obstetricians. The etching shows a figure that is male on one side, female on the other. The male half stands on a plain wood floor next to a large mortar and pestle, holding an instrument labeled a lever in his hand, which is pressed against his thigh. The background seems to be a shop, with shelves lined with vials, bottles, and frightening looking instruments labeled forceps, boring scissors, and blunt book.

In contrast, the female half of the figure stands in a homey room on a decoratively carpeted floor; in her outstretched hand she holds a small cup. Behind her, a fire burns in a grate.

Commentary

This etching was made in 1793, at a time when middle-and upper-middle class English women were being attended by physicians rather than midwives at the births of their children. Midwives were left to attend the beds of birthing women too poor to afford the services of physicians.

...

01:08

Ireland: Polls narrow on abortion vote, Google and Facebook change rules on advertising "IndyWatch Feed World"

The polls have narrowed so much that a result once nearly taken for granted now hangs in the balance; the media are under fierce attack for bias; and questions are swirling about foreign influence and online ads. As Ireland heads into the last week of campaigning for its historic referendum on abortion, the long shadow of two recent surprise election results - the Brexit referendum across the Irish sea, and Donald Trump's victory in the 2016 US presidential poll - is hanging over Irish voters. They will decide on Friday whether to repeal an amendment dating back to the 1980s that enshrined in the constitution a near-total ban on abortion. The controls are the strictest in any western democracy, meaning that the battle has been closely watched by anti-abortion activists across the world. The campaign began with a clear lead for the Yes campaigners, who support a repeal. But in a country where tradition and the church still have strong influence, the No camp has gained ground. Now the final result is expected to hinge on the one in five voters still undecided.

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Monday, 21 May

22:29

CDC Says Birth Rates Have Drastically Declined In US and Europe "IndyWatch Feed Health"

Fertility numbers are on a drastic decline worldwide, at least according to the latest CDC stats. The stats show that fertility and birth rate are on the decline not only in Europe but also in the United...

The post CDC Says Birth Rates Have Drastically Declined In US and Europe appeared first on Vaxxter.

20:02

The $3 Billion Research Breakdown "IndyWatch Feed Health"

In this piece for Medscape, Jodi S. Cohen chronicles the research malpractice case of child psychiatrist Mani Pavuluri, who put vulnerable children at serious risk in a clinical trial. Pavuluri violated research rules by testing the powerful drug lithium on children younger than 13, failed to properly alert parents of the studys risks, and falsified data to cover up the misconduct.

Pavuluris study, which began in 2009 and was shut down in 2013, was designed to use imaging to look at how the brains of adolescents with bipolar disorder function during a manic state, and then again after eight weeks of treatment with lithium. The hope was that the results would provide new information to help identify the disease earlier, lead to treatment and potentially even reverse how the disorder affects the brain.

But Pavuluri, a professor of psychiatry, strayed from the approved guidelines and abandoned safety precautions written into the study protocol, according to a November letter from NIMH to UIC in which the agency said it had determined there was wrongdoing and demanded the repayment.

In all, 89 of the 103 subjects enrolled in the study 86 percent did not meet the eligibility criteria to participate, records show. Among other violations, Pavuluri:

  • Enrolled children younger than 10 though the study was approved only for boys and girls ages 13 to 16;
  • Included children who had previously used psychotropic medication though, under the protocol, that should have made them ineligible;
  • Managed the medical care of some of the children involved in her study though she was told to keep her clinical and research roles separate;
  • Failed to give some girls pregnancy tests before they began taking lithium even though consent forms said they would be tested. The drug can lead to an increased risk of birth defects.

Pavuluri isnt solely at fault, according to NIMH. The agency determined that the universitys institutional review board, known as an IRB, a faculty panel responsible for reviewing research involving human subjects, conducted an insufficient initial assessment of Pavuluris research plans. The board didnt even have a copy of her research protocol at its initial review.

Officials documented other oversight shortcomings as well.

These are clearly egregious problems that occurred, said Michael Carome, a former senior official at the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office for Human Research Protections...

18:42

Sex Too Soon New Mothers Forced Or Pressured Into Sex After Childbirth Maria Pyanov CPD, CCE Page Array BellyBelly

Sex Too Soon New Mothers Forced Or Pressured Into Sex After Childbirth

BellyBelly is committed to providing parents and professionals with evidence-based information about pregnancy, birth and parenting. We want parents to be empowered. At times, some subjects are difficult to discuss, but they remain an important part of preparing for and going through the parenting experience. This article contains descriptions of intimate partner violence; discretion is advised as it might be difficult for some to read. A woman gives birth. She rests, she has her six week checkup, and then shes ready for sex. This is how the narrative goes, right? Unfortunately, this isnt always the reality.

Sex Too Soon New Mothers Forced Or Pressured Into Sex After Childbirth

A combination of societal norms and expectations, unhealthy relationship dynamics, pressure, and the mindset that a woman should please her man, means some women are pressured into sex too soon after giving birth.

Intimate Partner Rape Being Forced To Have Sex Too Soon After Childbirth

You might be wondering whether it is really necessary to share stories about such personal experiences. In a perfect world, women would always be respected, particularly by their partners, and especially after giving birth. However, that isnt always the case. Decades ago, marital rape wasnt recognised anywhere. Its true to say weve come a long way since then. In many countries, it is now recognised as a crime. Sadly, though it isnt recognised everywhere and therefore a greater level of awareness is still needed. Awareness is more than just legal recognition. Its a cultural shift.  Its about women having understanding partners, and realising they arent alone. Perhaps a woman will come across this and realise this type of treatment isnt okay, and she doesnt have to feel alone. The names in the following stories have been changed to provide anonymity to those who bravely shared their experiences.

Lisas Story

Lisa and her former partner had three children together. As a young bride and mother, she felt her relationship dynamic fell into the real...

16:54

Postpartum Care Is Failing Women Sam McCulloch Dip CBEd Page Array BellyBelly

Postpartum Care Is Failing Women

In recent days, health experts in two countries have spoken out about the need for significant improvement in postpartum care for women. In the US, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) says pregnancy care should extend beyond birth and into the three months immediately afterwards. And in the UK, a group of ministers and peers has called for all mothers in England to have an assessment of their emotional and mental health carried out six weeks after birth. Why this interest in the post birth mother? For decades, women in most western cultures have given birth and been expected to get on with it.

Postpartum Care Is Failing Women

There has always been a trend for postpartum care to focus on the baby, almost to the point where the health and wellbeing of mothers is being neglected.

What Does Postpartum Care Look Like Today?

Through pregnancy and birth, women become accustomed to care providers seeing them quite frequently, especially during the last trimester of pregnancy. In most developed countries, however, after the baby has been born, and the mother is discharged from hospital, she wont see a care provider for six weeks. In obstetric settings, there is no single health professional dedicated to the care of the mother. Obstetricians focus on the mother-baby pair through pregnancy and birth. Paediatricians care for the health of babies. Hospital nurses and midwives care for mothers during their hospital stay but not when they go home. Therapists, such as physios, also care for mothers, but only if something has gone wrong. In that gap between giving birth and the six week postnatal check up, who is looking after mothers? And after the six week mark, mothers are basically on their own again, often with very little knowledge and even les...

16:03

10 Times My Toddler Humiliated Me At Playgroup Fiona Peacock Page Array BellyBelly

When I first set foot inside a playgroup, I was terrified. I didnt know anybody, I didnt like singing nursery rhymes, and I hadnt slept in weeks. But I needed to get out of the house, so I stumbled into the brightly coloured, headache-inducing world of playgroups. They can be lonely places if you dont know anyone. Now I am a seasoned expert on the playground circuit in my neighbourhood. I know which groups have the best snacks, I know which ones can be cliquey, and I know which ones go above and beyond when it comes to the craft corner. Despite this expert knowledge and years of experience, I still find playgroup a somewhat stressful place to be. Why? Because I take my toddler with me and Im pretty sure shes bullying me.

10 Times My Toddler Humiliated Me At Playgroup

Dont assume these are just mistakes. No, she knows exactly what shes doing. Here are 10 times my toddler has humiliated me at playgroup:

#1: Ate Biscuit Crumbs Off The Floor

One of my local playgroups hands out biscuits at snack time slightly shocking in 2018, right? There are babies gumming chocolate biscuits, as they crawl around, toddlers with mouths full of custard creams racing around in little cars, and preschoolers fighting over who will get the last ginger nut. Its not pretty. The kids are basically being kids and, inevitably, most of the biscuits end up being stamped into the carpet. No worries. They can just vacuum them up. Or at least thats how I assume they used to tackle the mess before my daughter came along. Now they can just leave the biscuit crumbs on the floor and she will work her way around the room eating all the crumbs she can find, like a toddler-sized human vacuum.

#2: Beat Up The Cuddly Mascot

I once took my daughter to an all-singing all-dancing toddler class. The woman leading the group wore bright colours and a fake smile. The music was loud and high-pitched. The parents were all thinking it might be worthwhile if it tired out the toddlers before nap time. I was trying hard to get through the singing segment of the class with my dignity intact. My toddler didnt notice...

15:30

New systematic review on chlorhexidine sarawickham

It feels rather fitting to have spotted this new systematic review and meta-analysis in the same week that we are running our Group B Strep Explored online course! Freely availably in BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, the paper by Bell et al (2018) reviews the effectiveness of intrapartum vaginal chlorhexidine in the reduction of maternal and neonatal colonisation and infectious morbidity. They did not find any effect, but note that this may be due to the limitations of the studies and suggest that there is ample justification to carry out further research.

Heres the abstract and link if youd like to look more closely: What is the result of vaginal cleansing with chlorhexidine during labour on maternal and neonatal infections? A systematic review of randomised trials with meta-analysis.

 

The Research

Background: Infection with vaginal microorganisms during labour can lead to maternal and neonatal mortality and morbidity. The objective of this systematic review is to review the effectiveness of intrapartum vaginal chlorhexidine in the reduction of maternal and neonatal colonisation and infectious morbidity.

Methods: Search strategy Eight databases were searched for articles published in any language from inception to October 2016. Selection criteria Randomised controlled trials were included. Data Collection and analysis Publications were assessed for inclusion. Data were extracted and assessed for risk of bias. Relative risks from individual studies were pooled using a random effects model and the heterogeneity of treatme...

15:00

Why Are Walnuts and Seaweed Good for Your Gut? "IndyWatch Feed Health"

By Dr. Mercola

The importance of fiber to your diet is nothing new. The dietary fiber you get from foods such as nuts and seaweed, for example, acts as a food source for your gut microbiota, helping your beneficial bacteria do their jobs. This involves breaking down complex foods, providing your body with nutrients and helping you feel full.

Most people eat nuts because they are a convenient snack. While almonds and cashews are popular choices, you now have a new reason to choose walnuts. A study at the University of Illinois underscores the value of walnuts not only because they are a healthy fat and good source of fiber, but also because of the specific ways they may benefit your gut microbiome.

Similarly, research out of Stanford University involving seaweed takes gut bacteria to the next level in that scientists have identified a means of manipulating bacterial strains for potential therapeutic use. Both bodies of research underscore the need for optimizing your gut, which I consider to be one of the most important factors in your overall health and well-being. I say that because 70 to 80 percent of your immune system resides within your digestive tract.

Why Walnuts Are Good for You

If you routinely eat nuts but overlook walnuts, you may be missing out. According to PreventDisease.com walnuts have some impressive health benefits:1

  • A diet rich in walnuts and other nuts has been shown to play a role in supporting heart health2,3
  • Approximately 90 percent of the phenols including flavonoids, phenolic acids and tannins found in walnuts reside in its skin
  • Eating a handful of walnuts daily is said to reduce blood pressure and lower your risk of cardiovascular disease; walnuts have also been shown to slow tumor growth in animals4,5
  • If you are a man eating a Western-style diet, studies suggest consuming higher levels of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs), which are found in walnuts, may increase your sp...

13:48

Epidural Headaches Causes And Treatment Sam McCulloch Dip CBEd Page Array BellyBelly

Epidural Headaches Causes And Treatment

Around 30% of women in Australia, and well over 60% of US women have epidurals during labour. Some of these report suffering from epidural headaches. Epidurals are given during labour for a number of reasons, including the need to rest after a long labour. Some women have them because they have been induced, or they are not coping well with labour pain. A spinal block is less commonly used during labour as the anaesthetic is a once-off injection. Spinal blocks are more likely to be used during a c-section, when a general anaesthetic isnt an option or unnecessary. Find out more in Spinal Or Epidural Blocks - What's The Difference?.

Epidural Headaches Causes And Treatment

Between 1% and 3% of women who have epidurals experience whats known as an epidural headache after the birth of their babies. Properly called a postdural puncture headache, this is a debilitating side effect of having an epidural or spinal block.

What Causes An Epidural Headache?

The brain and spinal cord are contained inside a bag of fluid called the dura. When an epidural is placed, a needle is inserted into the spinal area just outside the dura. Local anaesthetic is injected into this space; this produces the effects of the epidural. If the needle passes through the dura, it allows spinal fluid to leak out, which changes the fluid pressure around the brain and spinal cord. In an attempt to maintain pressure, the vessels around the brain dilate and fill with more blood, causing the headache. A headache can also occur if a spinal block is given instead of an epidural. During a spinal block, a very fine needle is inserted directly into the dura to inject anaesthetic into the spinal fluid. If fluid leaks out through the hole in the dura, pressure in the fluid and around the brain is reduced. This is less likely to occur during a spinal block than during an epidural procedure. Epidurals require a much larger needle than spinal blocks do. The likelihood of a dura puncture increases with the size of...

08:46

The Coming Collapse "IndyWatch Feed World"

The Trump administration did not rise, prima facie, like Venus on a half shell from the sea. Donald Trump is the result of a long process of political, cultural and social decay. He is a product of our failed democracy. The longer we perpetuate the fiction that we live in a functioning democracy, that Trump and the political mutations around him are somehow an aberrant deviation that can be vanquished in the next election, the more we will hurtle toward tyranny. The problem is not Trump. It is a political system, dominated by corporate power and the mandarins of the two major political parties, in which we dont count. We will wrest back political control by dismantling the corporate state, and this means massive and sustained civil disobedience, like that demonstrated by teachers around the country this year. If we do not stand up we will enter a new dark age.

The Democratic Party, which helped build our system of inverted totalitarianism, is once again held up by many on the left as the savior. Yet the party steadfastly refuses to address the social inequality that led to the election of Trump and the insurgency by Bernie Sanders. It is deaf, dumb and blind to the very real economic suffering that plagues over half the country. It will not fight to pay workers a living wage. It will not defy the pharmaceutical and insurance industries to provide Medicare for all. It will not curb the voracious appetite of the military that is disemboweling the country and promoting the prosecution of futile and costly foreign wars. It will not restore our lost civil liberties, including the right to privacy, freedom from government surveillance, and due process. It will not get corporate and dark money out of politics. It will not demilitarize our police and reform a prison system that has 25 percent of the worlds prisoners although the United States has only 5 percent of the worlds population. It plays to the margins, especially in election seasons, refusing to address substantive political and social problems and instead focusing on narrow cultural issues like gay rights, abortion and gun control in our peculiar species of anti-politics.

This is a doomed tactic, but one that is understandable. The leadership of the party, the Clintons, Nancy Pelosi, Chuck Schumer, Tom Perez, are creations of corporate America. In an open and democratic political process, one not dominated by party elites and corporate money, these people would not hold political power. They know this. They would rather implode the entire system than give up their positions of privilege. And that, I fear, is what will happen....

Sunday, 20 May

19:46

Owen Sound: Fluoride question to be left off ballot "IndyWatch Feed Health"

A request to have a question regarding fluoride in Owen Sounds drinking water on the municipal election ballot has been denied.

The city announced Friday that a petition requesting that the ballot for the 2018 municipal election include a question about the removal of fluoride from the citys drinking water did not meet a requirement that it contain 10 per cent of electors in the city.

Sandra Barker, a member of the group that had gathered the signatures and submitted the petition, said she was disappointed with the citys finding and was left confused as to how they didnt get the required signatures.

We did everything we possibly could to make sure, Barker said. The proportions dont make any sense.

In the news release issued on Friday it stated that a petition had been submitted to clerk Briana Bloomfield prior to the May 1 deadline.

In accordance with the Fluoridation Act, the petition must be signed by at least 10 per cent of electors in the municipality and certified as sufficient by the clerk.

The Municipal Property Assessment Corporation provided Bloomfield with current elector information for Owen Sound, in order to certify each name. With the current number of electors in Owen Sound pegged at 15,884, the petition would require the signatures of 1,589.

Barker said she had been told by city officials that more than 900 signatures from their petition had to be removed for various reasons.

The original petition had over 2,200 signatures, but Barker herself went through and eliminated those that she felt wouldnt qualify, such as duplicates, those who lived outside the city and those who left details out such as their address. She said they were careful when going door-to-door to ensure that those signing the petition were of voting age and were eligible to vote in the city.

That still left her with close to 2,100 signatures, about 600 more than were required. With the 900 the city removed, they ended up being about 275 short of the required 1,589.

Barker said she trusts Bloomfield, but feels there must be a problem somewhere. Bloomfield could not immediately be reached for comment.

In the news release from the city it said the clerk could not certify the petition as it did not meet the 10 per cent requirement.

The petition had the required number of names but many were disqualified as duplicates, non-residents, incomplete or illegible submissions, individuals with unconfirmed citizenship or unconfirmed birth dates and names not found, it said in the news release. The City Clerk is unable to accept further submissions because the May 1, 2018 deadline...

14:00

Stagnant wages + soaring cost of living + massive cuts to services = collapsing US birth-rate "IndyWatch Feed World"

The US birth-rate continued to plummet last year, with births falling in nearly all groups, and a one-year dropoff in overall fertility not seen since 2010; the US fertility rate is at its lowest level in recorded history.

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